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Academy of IRMBR Volume  6, January, 2018
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
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Self-Efficacy and Basic Statistics Performance

This study sought to empirically find out the: a) sources of self-efficacy beliefs; b) levels of self-efficacy; c) behavior patterns; d) basic statistics performance levels; and established relationships of these variables. Descriptive type of research through survey method was employed and a researcher made instrument was developed through Wood & Bandura’s Model, validated and administered to the 334 basic statistics students. Cronbach alpha, factor analysis, simple and multiple correlation as well as weighted means and standard deviations were employed in the analysis and interpretation. Results disclosed that there is: a good level of performance in basic statistics and a strong extent of agreement on: the sources of self-efficacy beliefs; levels of self-efficacy beliefs; and behavior patterns based on the self-efficacy beliefs; a significant positive large size and a positive high extent of simple correlation on the following correlated variables: a) sources of self-efficacy beliefs & levels of self-efficacy; b) sources of self-efficacy beliefs & behavior pattern; c) levels of self-efficacy & behavior patterns; d) sources of self-efficacy beliefs and basic statistics performance levels; e) levels of self-efficacy & basic statistics performance levels; and f) behavior patterns & basic statistics performance; and a significant positive large size and a positive high extent of multiple correlation between the predictor variables (sources of self-efficacy beliefs, levels of self-efficacy and behavior patterns) taken simultaneously and basic statistics performance levels as the criterion variable. Keywords: Sources, Levels, Agreement/Disagreement, Simple/Multiple Correlations.
CRAIG N. REFUGIO 1-11 Download(176)

Extent of Utilizing Innovation in Public and Private Mathematics’ Teachers of the Division of Dumaguete City:An Exploratory Factor Analysis

The intention of this study is to determine the latent factors that affect the extent of using innovations among public and private mathematics teachers in the division of Dumaguete City using exploratory factor analysis. Female respondents constitute 75.17% (109) of the respondents while 24.83% (36) of the respondents were males. This showed that majority of those teaching math in the Division of Dumaguete were females. Most of the respondents were of age bracket 31-35 which composed 33respondents, closely followed by 28 respondents whose ages ranged from 41-45. The majority of the teachers in Dumaguete City division (68.85 0f 1450 are bachelor’s degree holders. However, this might imply that most math teachers did not finish their master’s degree. In terms of years of experience, the majority of the respondents were in five to ten years of their service to teaching and molding the young. Many of the respondents had spent two to five days in seminars and were equipping themselves with the new trends of teaching mathematics. The study started with 33 items in four perceived factors, namely teaching strategies (TS), teaching materials (TM), teacher’s enhancement (TE) and teaching attitude (TA). The first factor (TS) had ten items, the second factor (TM) had eight items, the third factor (TE) had six items and the fourth factor (TA) had nine items. The study was then conducted to 180 teachers, but only 145 responded. The exploratory factor analysis was run using the 145 responses in 33 items. Using the necessary statistical tool, some items were eliminated. Four construct factors were identified-S3, S5 and S10 for the first factor; S14, S15, and S16for the second construct factor; S22, S23 and S24 for the third construct factor; and S26, S27, S28 and S29 for the fourth construct factor. These four factors were now renamed as stimulating strategies, designing teaching materials, positive teaching attitude and constructivism. The perceived and construct factors have made significant and non-significant association with the respondent’s profile. Keywords: Exploratory Factor Analysis, Latent Factors, Perceived Factors, Construct Factors.
ARTURO O. MACIAS JR and CRAIG N. REFUGIO 12-26 Download(159)

Malay Micro-Entrepreneurs and State’s Regulatory Role: A Case of Penang

Micro-entrepreneurs (MEs) in Malaysia are suffering from a slow projection of growth especially when it comes to developing their business into larger scale business. This group of entrepreneur is important for Malaysia in achieving vision 2020. Concurring with this, the study aims to explain a factor that contributes to business progress of Malay entrepreneurs. This factor is being established based on the factor analysis outcomes from a survey conducted in Penang. A total of 300 questionnaires were obtained from different cohorts of Malay entrepreneurs. Based on the factor analysis, three factors were constructed to explain the demand made by Malay entrepreneurs for their business needs. The regulatory role is the significant demands which consist of eight items. Keywords: Micro-Entrepreneurs, Business-State Relations, Malay’s Entrepreneurs.

Turkey, Brics and Contagion Effect

The integration of financial markets has caused the country's economy and stock markets to interact more and more. The global crisis, which started in 2008 and whose effects are still unavailable, has also affected other countries' stock exchanges due to the fact that it originated in developed countries. Negative indicators created by the contagion effect on financial markets negatively affected the economies with the decrease of portfolio investments and the decrease of trade volumes. In this process, many studies have been carried out to investigate how integrated the markets are. The effects of the crisis in US and the dollar exchange rate on developing country currencies are still under investigation. In the study in order to reveal the relationship between financial markets, Turkey and between BRICS countries stock indexes, short- and long-run equilibrium relationship was examined. For this purpose, between January 2003 and March 2016, index values of country stock exchanges were examined by Engle Granger, Johansen and Gregory Hansen cointegration test. Keywords: Contagion, BRICs, Cointegration, Econometrics, Finance.
SELÄ°N SARILI 34-49 Download(157)

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