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Academy of IRMBR Volume  7, January, 2019
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Sustainability of Current Account Deficit in Turkey: 1996-2018

Many countries have experienced a high current account deficit without having any financial issues due to rapid increase in capital movements. However, these deficits also increase the fragility of economies against external shocks. Therefore, the subject of whether the current account deficit is sustainable is a very important issue for every country, that has a current account deficit. Turkey’s economy also faces current account deficit continuously similar to other developing countries. As the current account deficit plays a role in economic crisis, it is important to determine whether current account deficits are sustainable or not and if not, the policies required to be implemented. In this study based on model developed by Husted (1992), the sustainability of current account deficit is analysed with long term relationship between export and import. For this purpose, the cointegration degree of series was analysed through generalized Dickey Fuller (ADF) and Phillips-Perron (PP) unit root test, using the monthly data of 1996:01-2018:08, and afterwards the long term relation between series was searched by Johansen cointegration method. Although the test results revealed that the current account deficit sustainability is in a lower level for Turkey, it was found out that there is a long term relationship between import and export. Keywords: Turkish Economy, Current Account Deficit, Sustainability, Cointegration.
BEGUM ERDIL SAHIN 1-12 Download(179)

Industry 4.0 and the Elderly

Today, issues related to the elderly arise more frequently due to a significant increase in the elderly population. It is difficult to find qualified personnel to care for the elderly population. Thanks to technological innovations introduced by industry 4.0, care robots seem to be a solution to the personnel shortage in eldercare. These robots meet the needs of the elderly and can also be their friends because they can communicate with people. This study examines industry 4.0 developments related to the elderly. This qualitative study was conducted by reviewing many publications on this subject. Keywords: Industry 4.0, the Elderly, Technology, Social Policy, Artificial Intelligence.
BARIS OZTUNA 13-25 Download(181)

New Political Balances in the Eastern Mediterranean

According to Protocol 10 signed by the Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus (GCAC) on 1 May 2004 with the European Union, the EU acquis has been suspended in the northern part of the island (in the territory of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus [TRNC]). All of the island is regarded as European Union land. (EULP, 2003) The Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus, relying on the fact that it is a member state of the European Union, and also benefiting from a strong Greek lobby in the United States (USA), is claiming the Exclusive Economic Zone of the entire Cyprus island according to the United Nations Maritime Law Convention of 1982. (ABLOS, 2003) The existence of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and Turkey's 1960 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) are not accepted. Further, in 2004, the Greek Cypriot Administration one-sidedly declared Exclusive Economic Zones to cover the whole of the island. (Ellinas, 2017: 1) This new energy problem has been added to the political disputes already in existence since 1963. The cooperation negotiations between Israel, the Greek Cypriot Administration and the Greek government are ongoing to move the natural gas from Israel's Exclusive Economic Zone through Cyprus, Greece, Albania and Italy to the the Liquid Natural Gas Center in Vienna in the EU (EUPIS, 2018). The Astana Agreement signed between Russia, Turkey and Iran as the de facto guarantors of the cease-fire agreement in Syria’s unfinished internal conflict (which began in 2011) in accordance with international law has led to the change of balance in the region. The United States, the EU, China and France have all been involved in natural gas in the Eastern Mediterranean region, and have been taking initiatives to serve their own interests, bringing demands to the Greek Cypriot Administration to use military bases or air and sea ports. The Greek Cypriot Administration having made agreements with France and Russia concerning sea and air ports, has launched efforts to create a force to protect itself against Turkey. The fact that the US has officially demanded a base in the territory of Southern Cyprus and that the negotiations have already begun in this direction have led to the rebalancing of the power balance. This study is aimed at analyzing the regenerating power balance in the region. Keywords: Eastern Mediterranean, EEZ, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria, Israel.
YURDAGUL ATUN, ATA ATUN and AYMAN KOLE 26-34 Download(188)
Motivational Factors to Learn English among College of Education Students
This study aimed to determine the extent motivational factors to learn English among Students in the College of Education for School Year 2018 -2019. Specifically, it sought to determine the extent motivational factors to learn English among students when taken as a whole and grouped according to age and sex, the extent of English Performance of students when taken as a whole and grouped according to profile variables, significant difference between the extent motivational factors to learn English among students in terms of intrinsic and motivational when taken as a whole and grouped according to age and sex, significant difference between English Performance when grouped according to age and sex, and significant relationship between the extent of motivational factors and English Performance. The participants of this study were the first year to fourth students in the College of Education for Academic Year 2018- 2019. Motivational Factors to Learn English descriptive questionnaire was utilized in this study. Means, Standard Deviation, One- Way ANOVA and Pearsons’ r were used. The study revealed that:(1) English is fun, enjoy the activities in English class, please my English teacher, being proficient in English makes other people respect me, my parents are very interested in everything I do in my English class, people will appreciate me more if I know English, the encouragement from peers, the positive feedback from teachers that I am good in English and the recognition I get from the classmates were rated in a “high extent” as motivational factors to learn English, (2) Regardless of sex and age, students were grade very good in their English Performance, (3)Significant difference was noted between motivational factors and age, (4)Significant difference was noted between English performance and sex and (5) no significant relationship was noted between motivational factors and English Performance. Keywords: Education, Motivational Factor, Motivation, Learn English, English Performance, Students, College of Education.
VANESSA JOY Z. JUDITH 35-44 Download(187)

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