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Academy of IRMBR Volume  6, September, 2018
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Institutional Capabilities of Teacher Education Institutions of Zamboanga del Norte, Del Sur, and Sibugay and their Correlation to the Licensure Examination Performance for Teachers

This study aimed to examine the institutional capabilities of the Teacher Education Institutions (TEI’s) in the provinces of Zamboanga del Norte, del Sur and Sibugay as measured in terms of qualification of faculty, quality of instruction and curriculum, standard policy on admission, school facilities, and the schemes of LET review. Furthermore, this study investigates whether these institutional capabilities correlate with the performance of the TEI’s in the 2000 LET. The research utilized the descriptive-survey method using the questionnaire-checklist as the main tool in gathering data in the 9 schools of the three provinces. Informal interview and on the spot observation was made to authenticate the data and to look into the prevailing conditions of each school under study. Percent, Odds Ratio, Chi square and adjusted residuals were used to treat the collected data. Results revealed that Public schools had a greater proportion of curriculum review in every 3 years than the private schools that practiced reviewing every 5 years, public and private schools had library facilities of 90-100% of the needed textbook in the subjects offered, public schools were more selective of their students, LET review in most private schools review scheduled classes on Saturdays and Sundays while public schools had one review center, and private schools has a higher percentage in teacher’s educational attainment. Finding concludes that the capabilities of the nine (9) TEI’s investigated in the terms of curriculum, admission, policies, Let Review schemes, library facilities, faculty and instructions. Keywords: Vital Component, Programs, Acceleration Changes, Qualification, Performance, Private, Public.
MERLYN N. LUZA 446-451 Download(197)

Design of a Tool to Manage the Formulation of Innovation Projects for the Program of Innovation Incentives

In this paper, a method to determine the work time spent in the formulation of innovative business projects, is developed. The aim is to provide technical support to consulting firms in order to manage the time required to formulate these projects and to take decisions to accept or refuse to be involved in them. Projects are proposed by Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises, SMEs, who can be supported by consulting firms. The consultants train them and facilitate their access to resources or fiscal incentives that Mexican Government offers, through the Mexican Council of Science and Technology (CONACyT), specifically through the Program of Innovation Incentives (PEI). These projects can be formulated with or without link with Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) or Research Centers (linked or individual projects, respectively). As result of entrepreneurs´ interviews, evaluation parameters of the joint consultant-entrepreneur effort, carrying into effect a guide for the construction of the pithy sections of an innovation project, allow to optimize development time, benefiting to consultants and entrepreneurs interested in this type of programs. The guide tool will be able to assure the correct decision-making business-consultant, ensuring the correct development of the business project, as well as valuation and organization of the human resources. Keywords: CONACYT, Funding Programs, Innovation, Technology Transfer Offices, Project´S Management, High Education Institutions.

Human Rights, NGOs, and Islamic Law

Delegations from some Muslim majority states objected to being bound by the Declaration and Programme of Action that emerged from the United Nations World Conference on Human Rights of 1993 in Vienna. This situation raised questions about whether a State Party to human rights treaties had the right to reject certain provisions of such treaties, particularly on religious grounds. The consensus of the three human rights experts cited in this article was that a State Party did not have such rights. However, one of them conceded that a developing country might find it economically infeasible to enforce a given, internationally recognized human right, and another pointed out that national security situations that are genuine emergencies that necessitate the suspension of certain human rights might arise. The objections to being bound by the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action issued by some delegations from Muslim majority states also raised questions about the extent to which the principles outlined in Islamic human rights declarations based on Shari`a Law differed from those outlined in United Nations Human Rights instruments. One of the cited human rights experts concluded that the two sets of principles were incompatible, while another stated that they were sufficiently similar to justify cross-cultural dialogue between advocates of universal human rights standards and formulators of human rights provisions based on Islamic Law. Both the Universal Islamic Declaration of Human Rights of 1981 and the Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam of 1990 were found to uphold many of the human rights outlined in United Nations instruments. Many members of Egyptian women’s NGOs working to abolish or modify patriarchal statutes in the Egyptian Personal Status Law approached this task guided by the belief that lay people, as well as Muslim jurists and clerics, had the right to interpret Shari`a Law, and that the Shari`a, if interpreted according to its spirit and purpose, would uphold the reforms that the women’s NGOs were formulating. Keywords: Shari`a, Fiqh, Islamic Law, human rights agreements, women’s rights, CEDAW, NGOs, Personal Status Law.

Foreign Policy Pledges During the Turkish General Election of 1987 and Post-Election Foreign Policy Laws Passed by the Grand National Assembly of Turkey

The main objective of this study is to analyze the pledges concerning foreign policy expressed by the participating political parties either as part of their election programs or election manifestos during the general election of 1987, and to study the laws related to foreign policy that were made by the Grand National Assembly during its 18th term, while at the same time offering a comparison and an evaluation of these pledges and the subsequent laws that were made regarding foreign policy. Within the scope of the study, it was identified that the pledges made by the political parties which participated in the general election of 1987 were related to foreign policy issues. The foreign policy issues of the said period have been identified as Turkey’s accession bid to the EU, the issue of Northern Cyprus, the issue of the Aegean islands and Turks living abroad. It can be seen that, in addition to pledges regarding these issues, political parties also made pledges to develop Turkey’s relationship with its neighbors, Muslim countries, the West and the USA. It was therefore established that the Grand National Assembly made numerous laws on foreign policy during its 18th term. It was established that these laws dealt with the issue of participation in diplomatic, legal, social, economic and international agreements. It was observed that some of the foreign policy issues were not dealt with successfully. Keywords: Foreign Policy, Political Party, General Election, Law, Agreement.
AYSE ERKMEN 480-496 Download(231)

Teachers’ Instructional Preparedness and Pupils’ Achievement in a Selected School Division in the Zamboanga Peninsula

This study determined the teachers’ instructional preparedness and pupils’ achievement in a selected School Division in the Zamboanga Peninsula. It employed the descriptive, quantitative analysis of data using the questionnaire-checklist and secondary source data analysis to strengthen the results of the quantitative data. Eight (8) public schools in a selected division in the Zamboanga Peninsula participated in the study. The findings revealed that the level of the teachers' instructional preparedness regarding lesson planning, presentation of lessons, classroom management, and assessment and evaluation is high. The level of pupils' achievement in the National Achievement Test is near mastery. Teachers' Instructional Preparedness do not significantly influence pupils' achievement in the National Achievement Test. There are no significant differences in the level of the teachers' preparedness when data classified according to the teacher's profile, the type of school) central or non-central), and school location (urban or rural).On the basis of the following findings, the following recommendations are hereby made: (a) DepEd should have a vigorous teacher's induction program and in-service training not only for the newly hired teachers but those who are in the service and are perceived to be ineffective in the performance of their functions; and (b) DepEd should likewise provide adequate instructional materials in aid of instruction to raise the pupils' achievement rate in NAT. Keywords:Instructional Preparedness, Achievement, National Achievement Test.
ANNA LOUISA R. PEREZ 497-505 Download(210)
The Socio-Economic Conditions of Poor Households: A Forecast Scenario
This study presented the socio-economic conditions of poor households in a city of Zamboanga del Norte, Philippines and provided their possible future conditions using scenario analysis. With posteriori probability estimates revealed that the most probable conditions of poor households would be getting worse as there could be more low earners with low level of education. This condition most likely projected an increase poverty incidence in the City. However, these possible conditions could be moderated through the provision of educational and technical trainings among the young generations thereby equipping them the necessary skills for higher earning jobs strengthened by the opening of job opportunities in the province. Keywords: Socio-Economic Conditions, Poor, Forecast Scenario, Posteriori Probability, Households, Philippines.

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