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Academy of IRMBR Volume  5, May, 2017
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S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
The Role of Social Capital on Political Socialization (The Case Study of Undergraduate Students of Public Universities in Tehran)
Despite decades of explanation in international academic fields, the concept of social capital is still an under-researched area in Iranian domestic fields. Therefore, it has become a controversial and multidimensional concept as each branch in the humanities, depending on their needs, have adopted and applied their own definition of the term social capital. Giving a functional explanation of the term, this research aims at evaluating the quantitative and qualitative situation of youth’s political socialization process. The focus of this research is on the relationship between the concepts of ‘social capital,’ ‘socialization’ and ‘political affairs.’ For the case study, this research focuses on university as a government institution developing political socialization in the political system of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Specifically, the research tries to explore the effects of social capital on political socialization process of undergraduate students in public universities in the city of Tehran. The hypothesis of this research is that the higher the level of social capital in public universities in Tehran, the more successful the universities are in realizing the political socialization function of their undergraduate students. Eventually, this study will investigate effective contexts in the process of political socialization as one of the most focal effective areas on the survival of a political system and will highlight the political functions of social capital. Keywords: Social Capital, Political Socialization, Undergraduate Students, Trust, Norms, Social Networks.

Strategies and Pattern Analysis of the Returning Refugees and Displaced Palestinians

Studies prepared about the right of the Displaced Palestinians to return to their home in Palestine are many. Few of them analyzed the optimal return pattern of those people to their home. However, analysis of the most logical patterns of return has shown that some periods would be critical in terms of absorption load that require special attention. With leaving the huge national incentive for the displaced Palestinian to return quickly is constant, both demographic and socioeconomic conditions affect the possible return quantity and timeline. The discussion of push and pull forces strategies helps identify the possible size of return in the future to be managed. This paper discusses the Palestinian population growth challenges regarding the return sizes and scenarios of displaced Palestinians. It discusses also three possible return patterns of displaced Palestinians examining push and pull strategy. Firstly, the “sudden-return” pattern strategy where, absorption process could be accelerated and come to an end within few years. Secondly, the managed return-pattern strategy, in which, the return activity should be managed to get rid of, associated drawbacks and to make use of expected advantages. Little demand on return at the beginning until the uncertainties are reduced and people are ready to move gradually. Thirdly, the natural-return pattern strategy, it is so called “free-market” behavior. Where, the nominees will compare between their present and expected living conditions. The predicted impacts of this return have been discussed from different aspects as human, natural, environmental, financial resources and job opportunities. The pointed challenges of this return in addition to the high natural growth may be helpful to the Palestinian authority and international community to be prepared. This research hence concludes that the return is not only just a matter of right and hope, but also it becomes feasible and applicable for all Displaced Palestinians. Keywords: Demographic Challenges, Displaced Palestinian, Push and Pull Strategies, Return Pattern.
AHMAD SADAQA and ABDULLAH MURRAR 286-300 Download(745)

A New Way to Promote Economic Development in Mexico: The Technology Parks of the Tecnológico de Monterrey.

In the last two decades technological progress has enabled consumers to have access to products and services that are renewed at shorter periods each time. This promotes companies to be constantly looking for innovations that make them competitiveness. Technological Parks have shown to be an efficient way to promote innovation between local and national companies. In the last decade, in México, the Tecnológico de Monterrey has been working in Tech Parks as a way to promote local development fostering innovation across them. Keywords: New Methods, Economic Development, Technology Parks.
Study on Working Mother Illustrated in Children’s Picture Book “Mom, Do you think about me while at work?”
This study analyzed Eun-bi‟s mother, a working mom, appeared in “Mom, do you think about me while at work? (Kim Young-Jin, 2014).” At the first scene of the book, Eun-bi mother‟s morning seems so busy. Eun-bi‟s mother does everything for Eun-bi including brushing her teeth, washing her face, putting lotion on her face and wearing clothes in fast hand moves, because she have to go to work after sending Eun-bi to kindergarten. During way to kindergarten after busy preparation, Eun-bi got upset because she could not catch mom‟s fast walk even mom is walking with high heels. When Eun-bi‟s mother arrived at work, she remembered that she did not have a warm good-bye with Eun-bi so she called Eun-bi‟s teacher to ask how she was doing. Eun-bi‟s mother is busy due to hard work and can‟t stay with Eun-bi all the time, but she still loves her daughter as she thinks about Eun-bi by time to time and plans for the weekend to spend with Eun-bi. Maybe Eun-bi‟s mother is the one who is the most stressful between the role of being a mother and social position. Sometimes she will ask herself „what am I working for?‟ and suffer by guilt when she looks at herself as a mother. In this study, children‟s picture book “Mom, do you think about me while at work?” is analyzed to find out the physical and mental difficulties of working moms in Korea where the distribution of responsibility for child care is insufficient and seek the fundamental method to solve the problems. Keywords: Working Mom, Rearing Stress.
LEE GA GYEONG and KIM SUK JA 323-332 Download(536)

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