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Academy of IRMBR Volume  5, December, 2017
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Awareness and Priority of Stakeholders towards the Conservation of the Philippine Tarsier in Adlay, Carrascal Surigao Del Sur

The endangered Philippine tarsier has the potential to endorse environmental awareness and has the power to assist the growth of ecotourism. This can upshot the provision of economic freedom to the local people. The sense of awareness of the existence of the Philippine tarsier in Adlay, Carrasacal and the priority in their conservation are factors that dictate the environmental and economic development of Carrascal. The survival of the Philippine tarsier relies on how stakeholders value their conservation. This study applied a descriptive type of research using the questionnaire that indicates basic statements of awareness and priority. The study revealed that residents are moderately aware of the existence of the Philippine tarsier in Adlay and set a high priority in their conservation. In comparison, the local government is extremely aware of the Philippine tarsier’s existence in Adlay and noted that their conservation is an essential part of their program. The findings of both stakeholders were differentiated revealing highly significant results in the level of awareness and level of priority. Although the results of the stakeholders are ideal, it was found contradictory to the actions of both residents and local government. They have a much greater priority over direct profitability since no Philippine tarsier conservation projects exist or currently in the works. Keywords: Endangered Specie, Local Residents, Local Government, Priority, Awareness.

Behavior and Sexual Responsibility in Adolescent Students from the Municipality of Tenabo, Campeche, Mexico.

The purpose of this research was to identify and describe the sexual behaviors and experiences, and sexual conduct of adolescent students enrolled in High School. The sample of students consists of 63 high school students which 37 were males and 25 females, with ages from 15 to 21 years old, from the municipality of Tenabo, Campeche, Mexico. A questionnaire with 35 questions was applied, covering sexual related conducts and experiences, birth control methods, abortion and sexual responsible conducts. The results obtained show that most of the students have an active sexual life, beginning at an average age between 12 and 15 years, the first time they had sexual and intercourse relations was with their boyfriend/girlfriend, women claimed that they had sex for love while men affirmed that the reason was curiosity. The majority of the students reported that they have received information about sexuality. Keywords: Sexual Behavior, Sexual Experiences, Adolescents, Sexual Responsibility, Tenabo, Mexico.

The Study of the Attitudes and Perceptions of Modern Greeks during the Economic Crisis on the Consumption of Organic Products

The present assignment investigates the physiognomy and the characteristics of the modern Greek green consumer, as well as the determinant, motivational and inhibitory factors of the consumption of organic foodon the Greeks. This survey was conducted between July 2015 and January 2016. The selection of the sample was done by using the method of simple selection and includes a random sample of N=558 individuals. The sample consists of 49.1% of males and 50.9% of women, aged from 19 to 77 years with the average age being 45.49 years old. From demographic factors, the level of education is a statistically significant determinant of organic food consumption. The tendency to eat organic food is done so by those who are at least graduates of higher education and in comparison outweigh those who are not. A statistically significant motivating factor for the consumption of organic food is the environmentally friendly attitude of the Greeks on the subject of recycling. The eco-friendly approach of the ecological certification of the product as a market criterion is a statistically significant driving force of organic food consumption as well as the belief in the consequences of their decisions as consumers for the natural environment and health on the planet. Inhibitors of organic food consumption are the tendency to consider the price of the product as a primary market criterion and the belief that green products (e.g. organic, eco- friendly etc.) are more expensive than the conventional ones. Both factors are largely related to the reduction in the income of the Greeks due to the economic crisis. Keywords: Green Consumption, Organic Products, Ecological Certification, Ordinal Regression.

Prevalence of Alcohol Use among Doctors, Nurses and Other Employees of A Teaching Hospital

Owing to the nature of their career, medical practitioners and staff of hospitals in general have been held in high esteem as life preservers and role-models. Studies have pointed to the prevalence of alcohol use among medical practitioners and doctors in particular, detecting hazardous drinking among junior medical doctors at about 2% rate. The American Nurses Association (ANA) reports that approximately 10% of nurses are dependent on drugs and alcohol, making the incidence of alcohol abuse and addiction among nurses consistent with that of the U.S. population. This study examined the prevalence of alcohol use among medical and non-medical hospital staff of a Teaching Hospital in Nigeria. The prevalence of alcohol was estimated for 101 medical and 79 non-medical staff of the teaching hospital. Information was obtained using the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) and a structured tool to collect socio-demographic information. Descriptive and Inferential statistics were employed in the data analyses. The prevalence of alcohol use among the hospital staff was 58.3% including 36.1% low risk drinkers, 20.5% high risk drinkers and 1.7% were hazardous drinkers. Non-medical staffs reported significantly higher level of alcohol intake than medical staff. Job designation and gender were found to have significant influence on the level of alcohol usage, while age and marital status were found not to significantly influence the level of alcohol usage of the hospital employees. Author concluded that the prevalence of alcohol use among the hospital staff was high. The Findings were discussed in line with the existing literature and the current socio-economic realities of the country. It was recommended, among others, that researchers should work hard to discover the precipitating and maintenance factors of alcohol consumption among hospital employees in Nigeria. Keywords: Alcohol use, Medical and Non-Medical staff, Teaching Hospital.
UZONWANNE C. FRANCIS 636-645 Download(253)

The Application of Marketing Mix in Small Green Grocer Firms in Nairobi: Kenya

The purpose of the study was to determine the application of marketing mix in small green grocer firms in Nairobi Kenya. The study was guided by two objectives: to establish the extent to which small scale green grocers apply the conventional marketing mix that is product, price, place and promotion and to establish if there is a relationship between the application of the marketing mix and increase in sales. The study employed a survey research design. The population of the study was 300 managers of small scale green grocers in Nairobi. Probability sampling was used to select the sample size of 50 respondents. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and presented in form of tables and charts. Responses were coded and input into SPSS package. Data was analyzed in form of frequencies, mean, percentages, Pearson and correlation. The study found that the managers had a fairly good understanding of the marketing mix. They thought it was important in their marketing strategies. The businesses that focused on application of the 4Ps of the marketing mix, were the ones who had profitable businesses with higher turnover. Keywords: Marketing Mix, Product, Price, Place, Promotion.
TERESIA K.K. LINGE 646-651 Download(241)

Segmental and Suprasegmental Production Skills of Ethno-Linguistic Groups of Students

The study aimed to determine the segmental and suprasegmental skills of ethnolinguistic groups of students, who were the Muslim and Subanen students, officially enrolled at Jose Rizal Memorial State University Siocon Campus, Siocon, Zamboanga del Norte. The descriptive survey method was utilized through an oral examination. There were 335 respondents involved in the study. The main statistical tools used were frequency count, percentage, chi-square and weighted mean. The findings revealed that the respondents of the study were dominated by ages 18-19, Muslim students, females, first year level and most of them took a Bachelor of Elementary Education. Moreover, most of the students were coming from the Poblacion. It was also revealed that the segmental and suprsegmental production skills of ethnolinguistic groups of students were moderately skillful in terms of vowel sounds and intonation and much skillful for consonant sounds and stress. It further found out that there was only a significant difference existed when analyzed as to the course taken. The findings of the study can lead to pedagogical implications. One possible implication is that the administration may serve this as basis to allocate funds to establish a speech laboratory equipped with speech facilities and equipment to serve as an avenue, where the students can practice and develop their production skills using the English language. Moreover, through the results of this study, the language teachers will be guided that they should give emphasis on the production of vowel sounds and intonation. Keywords: Segmentals, Suprasegmentals, Vowels, Consonants, Stress, Intonation.
AIZA S. DALMAN 652-659 Download(257)

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