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Academy of IRMBR Volume  5, October, 2017
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S.No. Title Authors Pages Download

Locus of Control and Supervisory Workload as Determinants of Work Engagement among Military Leaders in the Nigerian Army

There is a gap in literature surrounding locus of control and the supervisory workload of military leaders in the Nigerian Army on their work engagement. This study was carried out to to contribute knowledge towards filling this gap. 150 Army Officer who are leaders of their units were selected by convenient sampling to provide data on their locus of control, supervisory workload and work engagement. A battery of instruments, which included work locus of control questionnaire by Paul Spector and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, were used for the data collection. Three hypotheses were drawn to measure supervisory workload, work locus of control and work engagement among the sample groups. The result of the analysis showed that work engagement levels of military officers with external LOC were significantly higher than that of military officers with internal LOC t (148) = -2.975, p = .003, α = .05. Results also showed that dimensions of LOC jointly and significantly predict Work Engagement among the Military Officer Leadership (F(2,177) =17.424, P<05), with an R2 of 0.192 showing that LOC accounts for 19.2% of the total variation in Work Engagement. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) showed no statistically significant difference in the work engagement of military officer leaders based on their supervisory workload F(3, 146) = 1.819, p = 0.146. Keywords: Locus of Control, Supervisory Workload, Work Engagement, Military Leaders, Nigerian Army.
UZONWANNE C. FRANCIS 490-498 Download(301)
Legal Literacy of School Administrators and Teachers: Do They Know the Legal Boundaries of Their Profession
Increased awareness of laws in education empowers parents, students, and other stakeholders in education to raise issues whenever they think there are school practices and decisions that are unlawful. School administrators and teachers should also abide by the law in the conduct of their school-related duties and obligations. This study is an attempt to measure the level of legal knowledge in education of school administrators and teachers. The data for this study was collected from five private and five public schools in a city district in central Luzon, Philippines. The researchers developed and administered a multiple-choice test to measure the participants’ legal literacy in education. It was found that administrators and teachers from private and public schools have below-average level of legal literacy. The study concludes that the participants’ lack of sufficient legal knowledge makes them vulnerable to costly legal problems. It is recommended that participants should take relevant courses or training on educational laws in order for them to discharge their school duties within the bounds of the law. It is likewise recommended that teacher education institutions provide their pre- and in-service majors necessary engagements in order for them to be guided by what the laws may and may not permit in the practice of their profession. Keywords: Legal Literacy in Education, Teachers and the Laws, Administrators, Laws in Education.

Configurations in the K to 12 Classrooms Characterizing Pupils’ Learning Styles and Academic Performance

The k to 12 classrooms are dwelt by pupils with varying learning styles which challenge teachers to configure their classrooms. This study determined the effects of configurations in the K to 12 classrooms on pupils’ learning styles and academic performance. Quasi-experimental method of research utilizing the pretest-posttest nonequivalent group design was used involving 46 pupils who were exposed to the traditional classroom configuration as the control group and 49 pupils who were exposed to the nontraditional classroom configurations as the experimental group. The Learning Styles Inventory and the teacher-made test were used to elicit data of the study which were treated using the frequency count, percent, and the t-test. The study revealed that pupils’ learning styles and academic performance were comparable prior to their exposure to classroom configurations. However, a sufficient evidence showed that the pupils exposed to horseshoe or U-shape, clusters, stadium, and combination as non-traditional classroom configurations were more activists, reflectors, theorists, and pragmatists than those pupils exposed to rows-columns traditional classroom configuration. The study disclosed further that, academically, pupils’ in the non-traditional classroom configurations performed significantly higher than their counterpart. Hence, teachers should actively engage in with the pupils in constructing knowledge through the use of the non-traditional classroom configurations that encourage the pupils to explore and construct their own knowledge. Teachers should also understand the differences in pupils’ learning styles to properly implement the non-traditional classroom configurations into their daily teaching activities and assessments. Keywords: Classroom Seating Arrangements, Learning Variations, Academic Influence.
PATRICK G. GALLETO and RIZZA B. BAGALANON 513-520 Download(309)
Source Value of Siri’na Pesse In Formatting Civic Disposition (A Philosophy Review About Buginesse Life Wisdom)
This study aims to reveal Buginesse life wisdom that contained in lontarak, which is siri'na pesse culture value. It was said siri'na pesse as Buginesse life wisdom because siri'na pesse has been transformed into social-cultural system and Buginesse personality in form of attitude and behaviour in real world. In relation to formation of civic disposition, the main study of this research is how the characteristics of human behaviour which are ideal based on Buginesse perspective of siri’na pesse. Keywords: Siri’na Pesse, Civic Disposition, Buginesse.
MUHAMMAD AMIN and KARIM SURYADI 521-533 Download(281)

The Impact of Employee Branding on Workplace Conflict

This paper focuses on the practice of employee branding within private sector, that is, the ability private companies and organizations enjoy in order to recruit those employees who are better suited to the environment and psychology of the company. Employee branding will be analyzed specifically in the context of work conflict situations. It aims not just at the quality of the employee, but also at the qualities a good employer should possess. The paper also discusses how, through this branding process, employees come to know where they best fit within the company, enabling them to pursue the position that best suits their abilities. These forms of employee branding are analyzed in relation to varying influential factors from both inside and outside companies, such as economical and functional benefits, chances of advancing from within the hierarchical structure, and the environment and atmosphere within a given company. Motivation of employees by their employers is also discussed. The paper will also present the different dimensions of brand equity, that is, the ability for a company to enhance its marketability, such as brand loyalty, brand awareness, brand association, and perceived quality of products; the employer’s attractiveness, given their economic incentives and other factors; the employers’ attributes, such as empowerment, training and development, corporate culture, career prospect, compensation, and brand name; and finally, other factors that attract a potential employee to a specific company. The method followed is the result of data collected during the past two decades. Keywords: Employee Branding, Motivation, Career Prospects, Position Advancement, Company’s Atmosphere.
AHMED M. ASFAHANI 534-542 Download(293)

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