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Academy of IRMBR Volume  4, March, 2016
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S.No. Title Authors Pages Download

An Assessment of Recent Reforms of Financial Regulation after the Financial Crises

Asset price bubbles and following deep financial crisis have occurred in the past three decades with an increasing frequency. The past regularity framework was obviously not sufficient to stabilise the worldwide financial system. Therefore, after the recent big financial crises that took its course from 2007 onwards, financial regulations have been reformed once again in order to protect governments, tax payers and financial service consumers from abusive practices by banks and other financial market participants. Since then, several years have passed and it is now a good time to come up with an assessment of what has been achieved so far. The paper starts with an analysis of the regulatory weaknesses before the financial crises started to spot the necessary changes. In the next step, the recent reforms will be explained their effectiveness analysed. The problem of international divergence of reforms will be stressed in this regard. Finally, an assessment on these reforms will be made. It will be highlighted that these reforms suffer from four drawbacks: The equity capital requirements for banks are not sufficient, systemic risk should have been taken more into the focus, shadow banks have been hardly reformed at all and pose a significant risk to the financial system and also the remuneration practices of bank managers require a change. The conclusion of this paper is that despite significant reform efforts the mentioned weaknesses still have to be addressed in order to achieve the goals that have been claimed by politicians and regulators when the reforms began in 2008. Key Words: Financial Crisis, International Regulation, Basel III Accord, Systemic Risk, Macroprudential Policies, Shadow Banks.
ANDRE TOMFORT 70-83 Download(389)

Sustainable Development in Islam

Sustainable development means that companies must develop its social environmental and economic responsibility for the sake of the coming generations. But in Islam it extends to the Day of resurrection. Allah, ,Subhanah , says : Verily ,We, it is We Who have sent down the Dhikr (i.e.the Quran) and surely ,We will guard (from corruption ) (Surat Al-Hijr :9). Also ,Allah ,Subhanah ,says "But seek with that (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on you , the home of the Hereafter , and forget not your portion of lawful enjoyment of this world ; and do good as Allah has been good to you ,and seek not Mischief in the land. Verily, Allah likes not the Mufsidin (those who commit great crimes and sins, oppressors, tyrants, mischief-makers, corruptors)"; (surah Al-Qasas: 77). Allah, Subhanah, mentioned to this victory saying, "Verily We will indeed make victorious Our Messengers and those who believe (In the Oneness of Allah-Islamic Monotheism) in this world's life and on the Day when the witnesses will stand forth, (i.e. Day of Resurrection) (Ghafir: 51). The final victory and sustainability are for Islam .So from Islam doctriness: Verses of Quran and Prophet Speeches, we must extract our social, ethical, accounting and auditing standards. Key Words: Sustainability, Development, Religion, Islam.
SALEH ALOKDEH and YOUSEF SAADEH 84-89 Download(387)

The Appraisal Model of Students’ Psychological Well-Being Based on Family Relationship

This study aimed to introduce a model to explain students’ psychological well-being status based on their family relationship. The samples consisted of 376 students aged 15 to 18 years living in Khomeinishahr, Iran (2013), who were selected using the stratified sampling approach. In this study, we used the mean, to test the level of family cohesion, flexibility, communication and psychological well-being among high school students. Also Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression analyses were applied to analyze the contribution of satisfaction with family cohesion, flexibility, and communication towards the variance of students’ psychological well-being. Results of this study showed the superiority of the last model. Based on the model variance of psychological well-being was predictable by cohesion, flexibility, and communication. In addition, results revealed although cohesion, flexibility, and communication of students with their families were balanced, students’ psychological well-being was at a moderate level. Therefore, we propose that the conditions of other community sources, such as school satisfaction, economic and social conditions, individual freedom, and social, personal security, and civil rights, should be examined. Key Words: Cohesion, Communication, Flexibility, High School, Ryff’s Instrument, Attachment Theory.

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