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Academy of IRMBR Volume  4, Feburary, 2016
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download

Economy Sectors Participation Index

A new system able to classify how high the areas within each of the three sectors of the economy are (primary, secondary, and tertiary) called sectorial participation indices (1, 2, and 3, respectively) is devised and tested using Gross Domestic Product (GDP) data for the Mexican economy from 2004 to 2013. Also, the degree of development of the Mexican economy is analyzed based on the average relative participation of the three economic sectors. Key Words: GDP, Economy, Sectors, Sectorial Participation.
LUIS F. COPERTARI 38-43 Download(489)

Legal Analysis of the Rule Destruction of Object of Sale before Receipt and the Effect of the Exchange Guaranty in Cancellation of a Contract

Exchange guarantee is among the topics addressed in the discussion of obligations and it has had different orders and effects in various legal systems of the world. In the Iranian statutory law, sale contract is of possession nature and upon conclusion of which, buyer and seller become the owners of the object of sale and consideration, respectively without payment of consideration and receipt of goods being as the conditions for accuracy of a sale contract. For the end customer, however, the ultimate goal of concluding a sale contract is to receive the object of transaction and not merely the transfer of ownership. Therefore, by delivery of object of sale to buyer, exchange guarantee or the risk arising from destruction of or damage to the object of sale will transfer from seller to buyer. But before delivery in a given transaction in which object of sale is an original external object and it is wasted without any failure by seller, despite the transfer of ownership, this responsibility remains with the seller. Cancellation of contract as the most significant effect of exchange guarantee will absolve the parties from the obligations that had been assigned to them based on the contract. Therefore, there are different aspects concerning the fact whether cancellation is fulfilled upon destruction or conclusion of a sale contract and whether change of transaction value and increase/decrease of object of sale between conclusion and cancellation is the responsibility of seller or buyer. In this article first this issue as described above will be reviewed from different perspectives, and then we will challenge it from a new viewpoint. Key Words: Sale, Ownership, Guarantee, Responsibility, Submission.
ASGHAR ARABIAN and NASRIN EMAMI 44-54 Download(450)

Women in Management in the Private Sector in Cameroon: Challenges and Achievement Experiences

This study explored the effects of workplace culture on female employees’ job satisfaction and career progression, challenges encountered by female employees in the private sector, and motivational factors that contribute to the productivity of women in the private sector of employment. It also examined the relationship between marital status and the job satisfaction. The perceptions of 104 female employees were surveyed and focus groups interviews/discussions conducted from December 2014 to February 2015. Respondents generally perceived that work place culture dominated by patriarchy tendencies, nepotism/favoritism, and attitudes of male colleagues negatively affected women’s career progression and job satisfaction. Results also indicate that: 1). Women make too many compromises in order to gain promotion, 2). Women take pride in their jobs and contributions to the success of their organization and are interested in seeking promotion. The authors propose that this perception could potentially undermine the valuable contributions of women in economic growth. Results indicate that changing organizations’ culture can benefit both employees and organizations. Key Words: Women’s Challenges, Organizational Culture, Job Satisfaction, Motivation, Career Advancement.

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