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Academy of IRMBR Volume  3, September, 2015
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
Financial and Social Impacts of Decriminalizing Marijuana: A State Statistical Analysis Aided by GIS Mapping
This study looks at financial and social impacts of decriminalizing marijuana in eleven states that made possession of small amounts of marijuana a misdemeanor during the 1970s. Financial and social changes were compared between the eleven states that decriminalized marijuana and all other states for years subsequent to decriminalization. The comparison shows no difference between states that did decriminalize and those that did not for three social factors and five financial factors; however, one social factor, violent crimes, fell significantly in the states that decriminalized marijuana. The comparison is relevant to the current state laws being proposed to make marijuana more assessable for medical or recreational use. Key Words: GDP, Taxes, Debt, Police, Corrections, Bankruptcy, Unemployment.
ANNA E. NEWMAN and JOSEPH A. NEWMAN 390-404 Download(448)
Social and Material Deprivation in French and Italian Macro Regions: A Proposal of New Indicators from Eu-Silc Data
Eurostat databases (EU-SILC survey) provide forty indicators relevant for material and social deprivation and indirectly affecting standard of living and life expectancy. Our paper uses this set of comparable data to highlight the difference between Italy, France and their macro-regions. The two countries are comparable, according to their social, institutional and economic structure, as several authors maintain and the Governor of the Bank of Italy remarked in May 2011. The research has been carried out following the factorial analysis methodology. We have chosen the variables to create two indexes referring to material and social deprivation, respectively. They are positively correlated with life expectancy (the material index correlates more highly), and their sum gives the social and material condition index. The index derives from just six data, which have been selected through the cited methodology; they find their theoretical basis on the concepts of capabilities, empowerment and entitlement proposed by Sen (Sen 1987). The two indicators of social and material deprivation show that the distinction between “social” and “material” can be tested and holds well. Social and material deprivation is considered separately, to grasp the territorial specificity of the standard of living, and then they are put together, to come to a synthesis and a comparison between different French and Italian macro-regions. In the conclusions, some hints about policies to implement are provided. Key Words: Material Deprivation, Social Deprivation Composite Index, Factorial Analysis, European Union.
The Impact of Competitiveness on Productivity of Mexican SMEs
This research aim to identify the impact of the competitiveness against the productivity in the firms in Aguascalientes, was realized an transversal, no experimental and quantitative research, was designed a survey with two constructs, one for to evaluates the enterprise competitiveness with five questions another for to evaluates the productivity whit six questions; it was applied to 405 enterprises managers and their responses were analysed through a structural analysis, using a statistical package SPSS 20 and EQS 6.1; the result, confirm that exist direct and significant impact of the competitiveness against the productivity. Finally are expressed some general ideas for to foster the competitiveness and the productivity in the enterprises themselves. Key Words: Competitiveness, Productivity, Operations Management, SMEs.

Residential Neighbourhood Security and Policing: How Fared?

Ever since the civilization age, police (formal and informal) had been perceived to be the predominant custodian of security of life and properties both within and outside the home. However, this big expectation seems to be met with questionable effect. This article, therefore, focuses on the desirability of the traditional method of neighbourhood crime control and surveillance – policing. Notwithstanding the relevance of the police in neighbourhood crime control, literature abound that support the fact that increasing the numerical strength of police; building of more courts and appointing more judges or building more prisons may not way be an effective cure for neighbourhood crime. Sequel to this finding, this research work attempts to recommend the conceptual marriage of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) and Crime Prevention through Social Development (CPSD) to birth Crime Prevention through Social and Environmental Development (CPSED) as a better alternative to the penal system. A future research on CPSD and CPTED is also recommended to promote housing and environmental sustainability. Key Words: Neighbourhood Crime, Police Performance, CPTED, CPSD, CPSED.

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