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Academy of IRMBR Volume  2, September, 2014
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
Research on the Issuance of Judgment Documents with the Background of China’s Judicial Reform
Based on China’s judicial reform, judicial mysticism which covers up the abuse of power should be substituted by judicial openness, and issuing the judgment documents is one of the most important tasks in China’s judicial openness. Issuing the judgment documents not only means presenting the documents to the public, but rather as a systematic project which involves updating the judicial ideology, refining the rules of procedure and advancing the organizational system. The system of issuing the judgment documents counts for much in ensuring impartiality of justice and safeguarding the authority and dignity of judiciary. Furthermore, it reflects the level of political civilization of a nation. Achieving justice through public interaction between judicial authority and people's democratic rights is the essence of this task. Currently, Chinese authority has achieved significant progress on the issuance of judgment documents. However, there is still a lot to do to realize the further genuine judicial openness and the supporting mechanism should be established as soon as possible. Key Word: Judicial Reform, Judicial Mysticism, Judicial Openness, Issuance of Judgment Documents.
GUO ZIKUN 328-333 Download(407)
Digital Library Resource and Its Impact on Research Publications
The aim of study to explore up to what extent the impact of digital library resource in research publication by using secondary source of data from websites of libraries and by conducting the interviews from the student who having the knowledge of scholarly research also collection of data from the faculty members of different universities of Pakistan. This study is qualitative in nature and data analysis is based upon QSR N vivo 10.finding shows these scholarly publications as well as other assignments and task of students and faculty member are fulfilled due to digital library resources. Key Word: Digital Library Resource, Research Publications, Scholarly Research.
Middle Managers’ Leadership and Students’ Learning Behaviour: The Role of Teacher Collective Efficacy as Mediator
This research aims to identify the influence of school middle managers’ leadership towards the teachers’ collective efficacy and students’ learning behaviour. The objectives of this research focus specifically in determining whether teachers’ collective efficacy is the mediator between school middle managers’ transformational and instructional leadership with students’ learning behaviour. 320 teachers are selected randomly from public secondary schools of three states from Northern Part of Peninsular Malaysia. The data for this research were obtained via adapted questionnaires from the instruments by Leithwood and Jantzi (1999); Ross and Gray (2006); Kursunoglu and Tanriogen (2009); Leithwood, Patten and Jantzi (2010). These data were analysed using the AMOS 18. The results from SEM analysis (structural equation modelling) showed that transformational leadership (β=0.23, p<0.01) and instructional leadership (β=0.19, p<0.01) have positive effect towards the teachers’ collective efficacy with variance of 47%. Meanwhile, transformational leadership (β=0.19, p<0.01), instructional leadership (β=0.28, p<0.01) and teachers’ collective efficacy (β=0.30, p<0.01) posed a direct and positive influence towards students’ learning behaviour with a variance of 44%. Results also revealed that teachers’ collective efficacy act as a partial mediator between middle managers’ transformational leadership and students’ learning behaviour. On the other hand, teachers’ collective efficacy act as a full mediator between instructional leadership and students’ learning. In terms of its implications, this research implies that the school management should place emphasis on the transformational and instructional leadership practices in enhancing students’ learning behaviour. While teachers should also strive in building confidence in teaching that is to be shared with students which propels their learning behaviour. Key Word: Middle Manager, Transformational Leadership, Instructional Leadership, Collective Efficacy, Students Learning Behaviour.
Drug Trafficking and Governance: The Case of the Municipal Government of Apatzingán, Mexico
Mexico has experienced a crisis of violence and death caused by the presence of organized. The root of the problems of insecurity lies in the weakness of the Mexican government that derives from one poor governance in the three tiers of government, but more at the level of local governments. In this context, the objective of this article is to analyze the local governance in the region of Apatzingán, Mexico, as a fundamental element that explains the appearance of criminal groups of high level in the region. Parting from a detailed analysis of the situation in Apatzingán, México the article shows that an inadequate government at the municipal and local level is one of the profound structural causes of the situation of violence and crime with which this region lives. It is necessary to improve the quality of government, especially at the local level, as a means of disarticulating and attacking the root of the profound problems of institutional weakness that can be found at the center of the problems of insecurity and lack of safety in Mexico. Key Word: Crime, Governance, Mexico, Apatzingan, Knight Templars.
Does TQM affect indigenous Community Development? A Case Study in Pingtung County
This paper exams the relationship between sustainable development in indigenous community and the application of TQM from local government. The concept of ‘Think globally, act locally and plan regionally’ of sustainable development, this paper discusses the broad support from local government with application of total quality management by leadership, communication, employee involvement, strategic planning, and continuous improvement. The results of this study show that leadership, communication, employee involvement, strategic planning, and are significant impact to develop the sustainability in indigenous community. Pingtung County was selected to be a study case, and data were analyzed by both SPSS and structural equation modeling (SEM). The suggestions included that effective and efficient policies helped develop indigenous communities with TQM practices. Key Word: Sustainability, Indigenous Community, Total Quality Management, Local Government.
YEN-YU CHEN 360-373 Download(395)

Adoption Triggers and Barriers of Mobile Banking Services in Nigeria
There has been tremendous growth in mobile banking penetration in many countries in the developed and developing economies and most interestingly in a number of developing countries such as Nigeria. Yet there are numbers of opportunities and threats in the mobile banking systems. However the major threat of mobile banking is its non-adoption by the banking customers. This research focuses on the perceived barriers to mobile banking adoption in Nigeria as a developing economy. The study adopted an exploratory qualitative method and this was conducted among banking customers spread across three regions of North, West and East of Nigeria. The basis of participants’ selection was being active customers of the Nigerian banks. Findings indicate that there is intention to adopt the mobile banking services; unfortunately, the intentions cannot be translated into action due mainly to lack of trust on issues such as the delivery channels/technology, communication infrastructures, government policies, etc. Findings further revealed that majority of respondents do not use internet and mobile banking services, due to several identified barriers. There is however a preference for the traditional banking approaches as opposed to the mobile banking services. The study recommends that banks and other financial institutions embark on massive awareness campaign. Key Word: Mobile Banking, Customers, Mobile Phones, Marketing, Nigeria.

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