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Academy of IRMBR Volume  2, August, 2014
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S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
Alcoholism and the Spread of H.I.V. In Calabar Municipality of Cross River State, Nigeria
This study was aimed at investigating alcoholism and the spread of human immunodeficiency virus( H.I.V.) in Calabar Municipality of Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, one hypothesis was formulated to direct the study. Survey research design was adopted for the study. A sample of one hundred (100) respondents was randomly selected for the study. The selection was done through the stratified and simple random sampling techniques. The questionnaire was the main instrument used for data collection. Pearson product moment correlation analysis was the statistical analysis technique adopted to test the hypothesis under study. The hypothesis was tested at .05 level of significance. The result of the analysis revealed that there is a significant relationship between alcoholism and the spread of H.I.V. in Calabar Municipality. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others that Continued education, awareness creation, sensitization and advocacy should be carried out on the need for decreased alcohol use in people who have H.I.V. or who are at risk of becoming infected in order to reduce the spread of H.I.V. and other diseases associated with it. Key Word: Alcoholism, HIV, Calabar and Nigeria.
EDINYANG, S. D, NSEK, I. E and EFFIOM, V. N 251-256 Download(352)
Mediating Effect of Learning Capacity on Between Turnover Intention and Organizational Commitment: A Case in Health Sector
This study aims to analyze the relationship among organizational commitment, organizational learning capacity and turnover intention within the health sector. A 23-items questionnaire excluding demographic questions was used to test the model. These surveys were distributed to employees of public and private hospitals in Gaziantep and Diyarbakir which are located in Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, 269 of questionnaires were returned and used for analysis. As a result, significant relationships between learning capacity and turnover intention have been identified. And organizational commitment of in addition, the study indicated that the learning capacity mediated the relationship between turnover intention and organizational commitment. According to another finding of the study, private hospital employees reported higher leves of learning capacity and organizational commitment but lower level turnover intention than their counterparts in public hospitals. Additionally, in terms of demographic variables, some differences were found. Key Word: Turn Over Intention, Organizational Commitment, Learning Capacity, Health Sector.
Evaluation and Explanation of Organizational Culture Indicators Based on Islamic Values and Investigation of its Effects on Intellectual Capitals
In knowledge based economics, intellectual capital is used to create value in the organization; therefore, the success of any organization depends on the ability to manage these assets. So to achieve the goals and carry out the strategies and to promote the intellectual capitals, the organizational culture should be considered. Organizational culture affects all aspects of the organization, such as individual and organizational behavior, employees' attitudes, etc. For this reason, management scholars believe that the most basic managerial task is to form and guide the basic values of organizational culture. In Islam, also, developing organizational culture is of crucial importance because when cultural values dominate, not only the organizational objectives are achieved, but also the productivity and profitability are developed. So in this study, the concept of culture and organizational culture is defined, organizational culture indicators based on Islamic values are identified, and their effects on the intellectual capital in Pishrovan Company1 are investigated. This study is considered as a descriptive study based on its practical objective and data gathering method. The findings showed that organizational culture have significant positive effect on intellectual capital and its different aspects (human capital, structural capital, relational capital). Other findings showed that organizational culture had the highest correlation with human capital and the least degree of correlation with structural capital. Key Word: Islamic organizational culture, intellectual capital, Pishrovan Company.
The French Language among University Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute (UniKL MFI) Students
The study of the French language among students at University Kuala Lumpur Malaysia France Institute (UniKL MFI) focuses on strategic learning and motivation among the Preparatory Program (Pre-France Program) students who are going to further their bachelors program in France after completing a 20 month foundation program at UniKL MFI. It has always been generally agreeable that learning the French language in a non-native country has resulted in a lot of limitations in learners’ spoken and written communication skills, as supported by the Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory. By identifying effective learning strategies, it is believed that students are able to master the French language even if they are learning the language in a non-native environment. It is understood that there are a lot of challenges if learners of a foreign language are placed in an environment where there are no native speakers of the language present and when there are limited learning resources and references. Therefore, it is believed that there is a strong need for the encouragement of students’ interest and motivation which is seen as imperative in order to master a foreign language. The main objective of this study is to identify French language learning strategies in UniKL MFI students and to explain students’ attitude and motivation towards the learning of the French language in a non-native environment. The research methodologies of the study are through library research, field studies and a survey through questionnaires. The research survey tool consists of a set of questionnaires which is divided into two sections, based on the Version for speakers of other languages learning French Version 7.0 (ESL/EFL) ©R.L.Oxford, 1989 which is translated into the Malay language. The results and findings of the study are presented descriptively. The limitation factor of not being immersed in the environment of the target language requires students to have a high level of motivation in order for them to explore learning strategies that they could use. The research finding shows that the environmental factor (i.e. that the students are not placed in the community of the target language) is not a problem in mastering a foreign language. Hence, the findings contradict with the Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory. This study is important to teachers and educators of foreign languages in order to see the extent of the effectiveness of the learning strategies that are used by the Pre-France students in mastering the French language although they are not in the environment of the target language itself. Teachers can also identify the importance of strategic learning and students’ motivation towards their tendency to learn the French language and thus making learning the language more effective. Key Word: Strategy, Learning, Motivation and French Language.
The Relationship of Role Model Perceived Image on Teenagers’ Purchase Behavior in Klang Valley, Malaysia A Comparative Study
The teenage market for products and services has become increasingly important for many businesses in Asia. In Malaysia alone, there are 2.6 million teenagers, and estimated to amount to approximate of RM 12 billion spending in 2012 from RM 7 billion in 2004. One of the determinants, which affect teens’ psychological and purchasing behaviour into adulthood, is the influence of role models. Role models are important sources of influence in adolescents’ developmental stages. While a number of studies had been conducted on teenage consumers, but mostly focuses on role model direct influences, and rarely discuss the perceptual influences on teenagers’ purchase behaviour. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine the impact of role model perceived image on teenagers’ purchase behaviour in Malaysia. Direct role models (in particular, Fathers, Mothers) and indirect role models (represented by entertainers and athletes) are discussed. A sample of 1,044 teenagers aged between 13 to 19 years old were asked of perceived image on their role models and influences on purchase behavior. Findings of this research revealed that there was positive relationship between role models perceived image on teenagers purchase behaviour. This indicates that Role Model Perceived Image influences teenagers’ purchase behaviour. These findings suggest the significance of perceptual influences, and essentially, consumer-relevant bodies and authorities, researchers and policymakers need to invest effort in moulding perception of role model as an element of influences on teenage purchase behaviour. Key Word: Young Consumers, Teenagers, Role Model, Perceived Image, Consumers Behaviour, Malaysia.
OSMAN M. ZAIN and STEVEN TAN CHONG YEW 291-308 Download(355)
A Time Series Analysis of the Impact of Economic Infrastructure on Economic Growth in Cameroon: Case of Energy and Telecommunications

This study investigates the impact of economic infrastructure on economic growth in Cameroon. It employs an extended generalized Cobb Douglas production function model, using World Bank Data from 1977 to 2009. All variables were non stationary and of an order I (1), so the Cointegration test was conducted for long run equilibrium using the Johansen approach. All the variables confirmed cointegration and as such the conventional vector error correction model was estimated. Electricity consumption has a positive and significant impact on economic growth in Cameroon in the short run. Energy consumption from oil sources has a positive and significant impact on economic growth in the long run. On the other hand, the number of fixed telephone lines was found to have a positive and insignificant impact on economic growth. Policies aimed at stimulating electricity consumption and energy use from oil sources should be implemented. Investment should be tilted from fixed telephone lines to modern means of communication. Key Word: Economic Infrastructure, Economic Growth, Cointegration test, Error Correction Model, Cameroon.          

NOULA ARMAND G. and SAMA GUSTAVE L. 309-327 Download(323)

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