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Academy of IRMBR Volume  2, June, 2014
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
Negotiation of Meanings: A Case of an Indonesian Young Learner of English
This study aims at describing the ability of an Indonesia young learner of English in negotiation o meanings. The object of the study is a kindergarten student of bilingual school in Indonesia. The learner’s utterances were recorded, transcribed and documented to be analyzed and interpreted. The unit of analysis is move(s). Transcripts of conversation of the learner were divided into moves and analyzed further using speech function network of conversation proposed by Eggins and Slades (1997). The moves were analyzed to find the negotiation of meanings’ type through the system of mood including system of mood (subject and finite), residue (predicator and complement) and adjunct (mood adjunct, circumstantial adjunct, and comment adjunct). The findings of this study show that the child is capable to produce almost all of speech choices based on Eggins and Slades (1997: 192-213). The mood type the child could produce includes declarative, polar interrogative, Wh-interrogative imperative, minor clause, expansion and projection. The learner used all types of negotiation, that is interpersonal negotiation and logico-semantic negotiation in the conversation. The conversations belong to normal casual conversation because the interpersonal is more dominant than that of the logico-semantic negotiation. It is reasonable to argue that in Indonesian context, a structured immersion program proves to be effective in developing communicative competence. Key Word: Young Learner, Negotiation Of Meanings, Moves, Mood, Residue, Interpersonal Meanings,
Logico-Semantic Meanings.
DJOKO SUTOPO 148-162 Download(529)
Ethnic Residential Spaces and Socio-Economic Implications in the Kumba Municipality
Propinquity on urban space is symbolized by ethnic residential groups in countries with great ethnic, religious and racial affinities and viewed as a major structural mechanism through which ethnic and other groups are denied equal access to opportunities, rewards and amenities. The study identifies the reasons and socio-economic implications of ethnic residential affinity in the Kumba municipality of Cameroon. Data was based on cross sectional and household surveys within seven sampled sites and questionnaires administered within households of 6 residential areas. Structured interviews were undertaken with some officials of the city Council and the local administration. Findings reveal that ethnic residential affinity is more the result of cultural than social and economic reasons. Job creation/offers and land tenure arrangements in the city are related to ethnic affinity. These practices exist due to the glaring absence of public presence in the provision of basic socio-economic infrastructures and thus results in disproportionate urban growth and development. There is the need for the local administration to device strategies that should transcend ethnic affinity to achieve a more harmonious and balanced development. This balance can be achieved through the provision of low-cost residential areas for middle and lowincome earners and efforts should be made at providing public services in areas of need so as to offset the spatial imbalance resulting from ethnic differences. Key Word: Residential affinity, segregation, Kumba urban space, urban development, Social interaction.
L. F. FOMBE and C. Z. ATEAFIEH 163-173 Download(386)
The Economic Implication of Local Content Policy on the Oil and Gas Industry and Nigerian Economy
This paper seeks to find the economic impact of local content policy of the oil and gas sector on Nigerian economy in general and examine its challenges and proffer solution to the challenges. The study utilized the descriptive research design for in its methodology where simple percentage and chi-square for data analysis, found that while the policy has achieved very little success in enhancing capacity utilization, employment generation and more contract awards to small and medium enterprises, nevertheless, issues such as ineffective supervision, inadequate training and financing still hinder the policy effectiveness. Above all, the finding of the study suggested that for Nigeria economy to grow, proper implementation of local content policy in oil and gas sector is a necessary concomitant as the policy has the potential to generate employment and increase value addition in the economy. On the basis of the findings, certain recommendations were made such as the faithful pursuance of capacity building of the Nigerians to enable them participate massively in the oil and gas sector and reduction of procedural hassles that have led to non-compliance and low implementation of the policy. Key Word: Economic Implications, Policy, Oil, Gas Industry and Nigeria.
ANYADIKE NKECHI O 174-188 Download(396)

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