Academy of IRMBR
Volume 7, July, 2019
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Strong Women in Crime Fiction: Their Coping Mechanism Against Violence in Stieg Larson’s The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo and Denise Mina’s Garnethill
Women are human beings that have the right to live free from any violence, but oftentimes they need to struggle to gain these basic rights. This paper examines and analyzes the major events as the portrayal of gender-based violence in the crime fiction of Stieg Larson‟s The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo and Denise Mina‟s Garnethill. Specifically, it aims to determine the kinds of violence experienced by women as depicted in the story; analyze the effects of gender violence experienced by the survivors; and determine the survivors‟ coping mechanism with the violence inflicted on them. The results show that women characters experienced physical, psychological and sexual abuse done by male perpetuators who used their power to inflict violence. The violence experienced by the survivors affects their physical and psychological wellbeing. Nevertheless, they are strong enough to cope with these traumatic experiences. Even though the survivors experienced similar types of abuse, their coping mechanisms vary. Thus, the whole effect of violence also depends on women‟s natural reactions to stress and ways of coping with it.
Keywords: Crime Fiction, Violence against Women, Coping Mechanism.
|JULIET SAMILLANO-TRUJILLO|| 319-331
A Light that Walks Forward: Native Americans and Expressions of Micro Aggressions on Social Media
This quantitative content analysis research was conducted to examine relationships among microaggressions found in user content on top social media news pages. To what extent will social media users express micoaggressions specifically meant for and directed toward Native Americans and Black Muslims? Using a national news story involving members involved in a heated racial conflict in January 2019, in Washington, D. C we examined total of 1,398 comments on Facebook pages of top news sites like Yahoo News, Huffington Post, and CNN. Results obtained in the study reveal microaggressions levelled toward Native Americans, but data also revealed anger and animosity toward the Black Muslims who were also involved in the conflict. Research findings further suggest significant relationships in the type of microaggressions (i.e., micorassaults, microinsults, and microinvalidations) expressed as well as directed anger exclusively pointed toward Native Americans and the Black Muslim group, (p < .0001). Future directions and implications for the scope of this research on microaggressions and social media are offered for journalists, communication, minority, and scholars in journalism studies, culture and mass media communications.
Keywords: Microaggressions, Implicit Bias, Native Americans, Content Analysis of User Comments on Social Media, White High School Male Students, Racism, Bias and Prejudice on Social Media.
|CYNTHIA M. FRISBY and LINGSHU HU|| 332-347
Territorial Configuration and Local Management of Intertwined Cities in the Metropolitan Area of Valparaiso
A contradictory situation between the configuration of the urban form of Quilpue (173.617 inhabitants, 2017) and Villa Alemana (145.139 inhabitants, 2017) and their local management has been identified. The two cities make up an urban entity that belongs to the Metropolitan Area of Valparaiso in Chile (992.976 inhabitants, 2017); while, on the other hand, their local administrations are configured in two different municipalities that are independent. This situation prevents them from efficiently solving common problems. The methodology is based on a cartographic analysis of the urban growth of Quilpue and Villa Alemana from 1860 to 2016 in order to recognise the moment at which these cities became spatially united and to relate this moment to historical facts that triggered such conformation. The influence of the remaining cities of the Metropolitan Area of Valparaiso and the commuter train that connects these cities is discussed. Municipal management is also analysed, in order to address the benefits of an integrated urban management based on strategic associativity. The results show the effectiveness that municipal associativity brings to intertwined cities that, in spite of being part of the same urban form in the territory, manage their problems separately.
Keywords: Quilpue and Villa Alemana conurbation, Metropolitan Area of Valparaiso (Chile), Cartographic Analysis of Urban Growth, Territorial Configuration, Local Management.
|PAULA KAPSTEIN LOPEZ and ALBERTO GUROVICH WEISMAN|| 348-360
Poverty Alleviation through Sustainable Livelihood Programs by the Department of Social Welfare and Development in Benguet, Philippines
One of the well-known recommended solutions to alleviate poverty is the accessibility of the disadvantaged sector to a sustainable livelihood. If there is an available livelihood for every family in the community, it equates to increase of income that translates to accessibility of food, education, health care, and asset creation. The study assessed the impact of the Sustainable Livelihood Programs (SLP) conducted by the Department of Social Welfare and Development in one of the provinces in the Philippines. The Employment Facilitation (EF) and Micro-Enterprise Development (MD) tracks of SLP delivered different skills trainings and coaching activities which enabled the participants to be employed or expand their microbusinesses. Results revealed that in the EF track, the type of the skills training identified and provided, and the job availability were key indicators in the success of the project. There was a significant increase in the number of participants employed after the trainings. Personal issues such as participants’ willingness to be deployed in distant job and work experiences were attributes to the employability of the participants but the employment directed skills trainings of SLP showed a positive acceptance from the participants. Under the MD track, the projects functionality was dependent on the availability of markets for the participants to dispose their products. Weak local community patronage and market linked partnership hindered some micro-businesses to flourish. It is recommended that SLPs be based on the “Job Fit” list provided by the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) to ascertain the appropriate type of training that has the high probability of employment.
Keywords: Sustainable Livelihood Programs, Employment Facilitation, Micro-Enterprise Development, Poverty Alleviation.
|MARILOU M. SAONG and ANALYN T. MANUEL|| 361-372
Identifying the Current Trends and Challenges of Ageing Care Centres in Malaysia
Ageing population is increasing all across the globe, including Malaysia, due to better nutrition and healthy living, which ultimately result as an increase in life expectancy and rise of the elderly population. The most important concern is about health and care facilities along with living arrangements of the ageing population. Currently, in Malaysia, 365 ageing care centres are working in various states. However, these centres are not up to mark in place of services and technological equipment. This paper address the issues which elderly care centres management are facing, especially keeping in view the multicultural background of the people residing in Malaysia. This paper highlights the current scenario of elderly care centres in Malaysia and issues about the management of these centres. This study adopts the qualitative research strategy and focus group conducted with 15 Managers, 10 caregivers and 3 experts in the field of Ageing. The findings revealed that the services offered by these centres comprise of Islamic education, training programs, recreation activities and counselling session. Few of the centres just preferred Muslim to be admitted as their strategy based on Islamic values. The issues faced by care centre management include lack of trained staff, licensing issues, financial constraints, no administrative support, staff retention, lack of technological equipment and less funding.
Keywords: Ageing, Care Centres, Malaysia, Issues, Management, Success.
|SHAISTA NOOR, FILZAH MD. ISA, LEILANIE MOHD NOR and EJAZ AHMED|| 373-383