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Academy of IRMBR Volume  6, December, 2018
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
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Press Coverage of Child Labour Issues in Nigeria (2010-2014)

The press beyond being the ‘watchdog’ of society holds the responsibility of whistleblowing on societal anomalies like child labour related issues. Studies have shown that press coverage of child labour (CL) is not sufficient to bring the issue to light. The study adopted content analysis method. Three newspapers were selected- The Punch, The Guardian and The Sun from 2010 to 2014. The sample was made up of 420 editions of the newspapers. The newspapers were purposively selected for reasons of regularity of publication and wide circulation while the editions were selected using the multistage sampling technique. Findings revealed that out of 420 editions studied, only 94 (22.3%) stories were found on child labour related issues meaning that the coverage was not sufficient. Straight news took 74.5% of the total coverage. In conclusion, the press did not give sufficient coverage to CL and did not fulfil the interpretative role by discussing issues comprehensively. It is recommended that the press should give prominence to childrelated issues to encourage the government for implementation and strict enforcement of policies; CL issues should be reported looking at the bigger picture bringing the problem to public perspective thus creating opportunity for broader discussion of the issue. Keywords: Agenda Setting, Child Labour, Child Rights, Framing, Newspaper, Press Coverage.

Unlocated Mass Graves of Alleged Armenian Genocide

According to some sources, The Armenian Genocide Appeals (the so-called Armenian Genocide or the Unfounded Armenian Claims) indicate that the Armenian deportation, which was carried out by the Ottoman State in Eastern Anatolia for internal security reasons from May to November 1915, was aimed at destroying the Armenian community in the region, Millions of Armenians are alleged to have been killed by this reason. In the early years of the First World War, the Ottoman State while fighting in many fronts with Allied Powers, the Armenians attacked the Ottoman army jointly with the Russian army in the region up to Central Anatolia in the East, and rebelled in many cities. In order to overcome these rebellions, the Ottoman State held a joint meeting with the Armenian Patriarchs, especially the Armenian Members of the Tanzimat Parliament, and the leaders of the Armenian community, and informed them that the Ottoman State would take countermeasures if the Armenians continued to kill local Muslim people in Eastern Anatolia. On the basis of this notion, the Ottoman State in April 24, 1915 arrested 235 people who had organized the rebellions and closed down all the Armenian Committees and local organizations that supported and organized the rebellions. The Ottoman State promulgatiated the Temporary Law of Deportation, in 27 May 1915. Accordingly, it was decided some of the Armenians in Eastern Anatolia would be displaced to Syria, Lebanon and Iraq. According to the Armenians' claims, massacre and genocide were carried out under the deportation title and 1.5 million Armenians were killed. This article is about the mass graves of 1.5 million Armenians which would form the basis of the massacre allegations, the size, how and by whom they were dug, how the massacred Armenians buried and how the mass graves covered with soil. The paper is written to investigate whether there are mass graves or not. Keywords: Ottoman, Armenian, Deportation, Mass grave, Genocide.
YURDAGUL ATUN and ATA ATUN 633-641 Download(18)
Bagatrix: An Artificial Intelligence Application in Teaching Normal Distribution
Mathematics softwares have been flooding in the web today. They are artificial intelligence which conceived to supplement students' understanding of various mathematical concepts primarily. The study attempted to find out the effect of Bagatrix Mathematical Software on students' performance in Normal Distribution of the Grade 11 Technical-Vocational-Livelihood Track students during the second semester of the school year 2017-2018. The study utilized the quasi-experimental utilizing the pretest-posttest nonequivalent group design. The experimental group with 59 students was exposed to the Bagatrix while the control group with 64 students was taught with the traditional method of teaching. The teacher–made test which comprised 35 items was used to determine the pretest and posttest performance of the students in both groups. Data were treated using the mean, standard deviation, z-test one sample group, t-test for independent samples, and t-test for correlated samples. The study revealed that Bagatrix was an effective tool in teaching Normal Distribution to Grade 11 students. The application of the mathematical software concluded a tremendous increase in the students' performance from the pretest to the posttest. The finding necessitates that the School Administrator of Manukan National High School in collaboration with the Department of Education particularly the Division of Zamboanga del Norte should allocate budget for the Bagatrix annual subscription and building adequate computer laboratory for the purpose. Training for Mathematics teachers in the utilization and application of the software should also be appropriated. Moreover, students should utilize and apply the Bagatrix mathematical software as a supplement to enhance and ensure higher performance not only in problem solving in Normal Distribution but in all Mathematics courses. Keywords: Mathematical Software, Students’ Performance, Artificial Intelligence.
PATRICK G. GALLETO and AMERICA M. PONGGAN 642-650 Download(17)

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