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Academy of IRMBR Volume  4, August, 2016
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1

Propensity for Crime Commission Among Bereaved Nigeria Adolescents

The study examined the various occurrences of criminality in Nigeria. It also investigated the cross section of Nigeria adolescents that are bereaved due to various occurrences of lost such as lost of job, lost of loved ones, parents, siblings and a host of other losses that has befallen them. The researcher surveyed the entire Nigeria adolescents that are presently traumatized or bereaved and their tenacity and propensity for criminality. It was observed that most of the negative behaviors and criminality occurring in the cross section of Nigeria population seems to have emanated from traumatized bereaved Nigeria adolescents who are unacknowledged and disenfranchised while going through their trauma of lost. This seems to have been accountable for most of the negative behaviors and crimes perpetrated by Nigerian youths. These youths that bottled up their emotions emits them in various ways such as cultism, run away behaviors, avoidance behaviors, withdrawal from positive life style, poor academic performances, aggressive behaviors and manifest academic failure. This seems to have been responsible for most of the fatalities such as insurgency, adoption, human trafficking, drug addiction, suicide bombing, pipe line vandalism and various negative agitations that have been posing threat to economy and governance in Nigeria. Based on the above mentioned Nigeria government including state and local government should embark on genealogical survey and study on Nigeria adolescents that are presently traumatized and facing various kinds of bereavement. There should be a regular and updated data bank where adolescents facing trauma and bereavement are kept. There must be hospice services like counseling services and palliatives to cushion the effect of trauma and bereavement bewildering Nigeria adolescents.
Key Words: Crime, Counseling, Adolescent, Nigeria.
FALANA BERNARD AKINLABI, AYODELE CHRISTIAN JUNIOR and FASHINA BOSEDE OLUWAYEMISI 283-288 Download(271)
2

The Effect of Reward and Motivation on Student Achievement

In this Research researcher find out the effect of reward and motivation on student achievement. Researcher will use co-education, personal consequences and achievement orientation select as independent variable and student achievements as dependent variable. Researcher will use descriptive nature of research and collect data through questioners. Researcher target the population of Punjab College, superior college, Pak College, and university of education okara campuses and collect data from B.com, MBA and M.com. Researcher will select 150 Sample size in which male respondents are 61.3% and female respondent are 38.7%.180 questioners were distributed and 150 were collected for analysis. Three hypothesis were assumed and had been tested in this research. Researcher use statistical package for social science SPSS for analysis the data. Researcher will use the correlation and regression analysis to find out the effect of variable. Correlation Analysis shows that all variable are inter-correlated. From this analysis, it is noted that co-education is positively strong effect on student achievements(r=0.324**, p<o.o1). Hypothesis 1 (H1) there is a positive effect of co-education on student achievements is accepted according to correlation analysis. Personal consequences are positive moderate effect on student achievements(r=0.382**, P<o.o1). Hypothesis 3 (H3) Achievements orientation show the strong positive effect on student performance(r=0.543**, p<0.01).Thus hypothesis H1, H2 and H3 were supported. In addition the regression result shows that H1 (β=0.324) means that co-education has 32.4% effect on student achievements.H1 positive effect of co-education on student achievements is accepted.H2 (β=0.382) means that personal consequences has 38.2% effect on student achievements. H3 (β= 0.543) means that achievements orientation has 54.3% effect on student achievements. Further recommendation for future study and discussion of this results presented in the study. Key Words: Reward, Motivation, Student, Achievement.
IQRA NAZIR, HINA HAYAT, HAFIZ MUHAMMAD AZEEM AKHTAR, ASMAR AZAM and AQSA ASHRAF 289-302 Download(413)
3

Impact of Laptops Given by Government on the Student’s Performance

In the present study researcher find out the impact of laptops given by government on student’s performance. Motivation, lack of reading and teachers assignment on laptops is taken as independent variables and student performance is taken as a dependent variable. Researcher will use descriptive nature of research and researcher use questionnaire as a tool of data collection. The targeted population of the researcher is university of education okara campus, COMSATS University and BZU and sample size is consist of 200 respondents in which 40% male respondents and 60% female respondents. Researcher us Statistical package for social sciences SPSS for analysis of data. Researcher will use correlation analysis to find out the impact of the variables It is noted that motivation has a moderate and positively impact on student performance (r=.313, p < 0.01). So H1 there is a positive impact of motivation on student performance is accepted according to correlation analysis. Assignments on laptop is also shown a strong positive impact on student performance (r= 0.377. p <0.01) so H2 there is a positive impact of teacher’s assignment on laptop on student performance is accepted according to correlation analysis. According to correlation analysis lack of reading has a strong impact on student performance (r= 0.568, P< 0.01) so H3 there is positive impact of Lack of reading on student performance is accepted. And to measure the significant level researcher will use regression analysis. This analysis shows H1 beta value is .313 it means that Motivation has 31.3% impact on student performance. Here t vale is 21.861 as the t vale is increase significant level is .000 which is less than 0.05 so H1 is accepted which is that there is a positive impact of motivation on student performance. In H2 the beta value is 0.568 it shows that Lack of reading has 56.8% impact on student performance here the t value is 12.463 as t vale increase the significant level is close to zero here significant level value is .000 so H2 is accepted which is that there is positive impact on student performance. H3 beta value is .337 which shows that teacher’s assignment has 33.7% impact on student performance here the t vale is 18.075 as this value is increase the significant value is close to zero here the significant value is .000 so H3 also accepted which is that there is positive impact of teacher’s assignment on student performance. Researcher also suggest that student interest, parents sport and environmental factors (Student Company, student life style) are taken as independent variables and check the impact of these variables on student performance. Key Words: Government, Laptops, Impact, Student.

NAEEM AKHTAR, ASMAR AZAM, UMER IQBAL SIDDIQI, IQRA NAZIR, HINA HAYAT and NIMRA NAZIR 303-313 Download(324)
4

Impact of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Rewards in Education System of Sahiwal, Punjab, Pakistan

The reward system is a basic and primary object of any organization. Employee performance is also dependent variable and the reward system is independent variable. Therefore, reward system can increase the employee performance of any organization. In human resources is consider as a strategic asset in any organization. The object of this study to illustrate to what extent does employee reward have an impact on employee performance in a public sector organization in Sri Lanka, therefor this study has examine the relationship between extrinsic reward and also intrinsic reward and employee performance in any organization, the data collected by various way, the result is positive relationship between extrinsic reward and intrinsic and employee performance. Significance data of reward system and relationship between employee performance and reward system. This study is analyze and interpreted the current study of motivation. Key Words: Employee Performance, Intrinsic Reward, Extrinsic Reward.
NAEEM AKHTAR, HAFIZ TAHIR ZIA, MUHAMMAD SHAHID, MISBAH BANO, ATYIA RAFIQUE and NASRULLAH JAMEEL 314-323 Download(286)

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