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Academy of IRMBR Volume  4, November, 2016
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1

Impact of Sports on Behavioral Conduct of Youth: A Social Perspective

Participation in various sports activities have gained remarkable role around the world and considered as gyrating force contributes to the overall developments and promotion of its participants. In our society, participation in sports is mainly associated with the perception of physical education teachers, athletes and sports managers being important segments of the society. In this milieu, the researchers designed a study to assess their perception regarding the impact of sports on the behavioral conduct of youth from social perspective. For the purpose of data collection, the researchers develop and used structure questionnaire. After data collection, we analyzed the data with the help of appropriate statistical tools like Regression, ANOVA and Tuckey’s test for drawing authentic results. The data revealed that almost all respondents agreed upon the role of sports activities in the development and promotion of behavioral conduct of youth. Key Words: Impact, Sports, Behavioral Conduct, Social & Perspective.
WASIM KHAN, JALIL-UR-REHMAN BALOCH, TASLEEM ARIF, MUHAMMAD ROMAN DURANI and IFFAT BIBI 443-456 Download(474)
2

Perceptual Experience of Community Regarding the Role of Sports in the Development of Peace

There are different institutions that play momentous role in the development and promotion of any society by eliminating negative settlements and sports participation is an excellent vehicle for it. In this context, we conducted a study to examine the perception of community about the role of sports in the promotion of peace. The community comprised of Teachers, Students and Public Prosecutors (Lawyers). A structured questionnaire on five point Likert scale was developed and utilized for collection of data from 335 respondents chosen from five randomly selected districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) Pakistan. The result of the study indicated that majority of community members have a very positive perception of the role of sports in the promotion of peace except the Lawyers, who showed dissatisfaction about the role of sports participation in the promotion of peace. Key Words: Perceptual, Experience, Community, Sport, Development and Peace.
MUHAMMAD ASGHAR KHAN, JALIL-UR-REHMAN BALOCH, WASIM KHAN, MUHAMMAD AWAIS ARIF, BURHANULLAH, SYED ASIF ABBAS and FEHMIDA KHANUM 457-463 Download(450)
3
“The Role of Play & Physical Activities in Child Development” (Review of Qualitative Studies)

This paper examines the available literature exploring the diverse motives for participation and reasons for non-participation of the children in play and physical activities. As a matter of fact, the essence of playing exists in the very nature of children and this is natural phenomenon because active life ensures good health and well-being. In addition to the attainment of physical and mental well-being, social, emotional, cultural and cognitive development of the children is largely subject to the level of their involvement in play and physical activities. Play provides an arena to the children to experience situations of diverse nature and enables them to cope with the environment according to their own thinking, wisdom and sagacity. Playing spaces play the role of laboratories that educate the children and transform their behavior in a way that they can better accommodate opinion of the others, cooperate in resolving the issues, remain modest in facing the challenges and stay determined & patient in different types of situations. Play prepares both male and female participants for their practical life in terms of leading healthy, active and successful life. However, there are certain socioeconomic, cultural, administrative and classical barriers that hamper the way of the commons youth to fully avail the benefits of participation in play. Resultantly, they remain deprived of taking advantage of participation in physical activities in terms of healthy socio-emotional and cognitive development. Parents, educational institutions and other social welfare organizations should join their hand to put an end to this social problem. Key Words: Children, Motive, Play, Benefit, Development, Barrier.

MOHIBULLAH KHAN MARWAT, ABDUR-UR-RASHEED ANWAR, SYED ZIA-UL-ISLAM, HAZRATULLAH KHATTAK, NASEEB BACHA, MOMIN KHAN and SAIMA 464-473 Download(374)
4

Teaching and Learning Styles in Social Science: The Case of Samar State University, Philippines

This study examined the learning and teaching styles in Social Science subjects at Samar State University. The descriptive method of research was utilized and a semi-structured interview was used for gathering data. Findings revealed that the learning styles of the high performing students were the following: Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Style, Progressivist Inspired Style, Reward Motivated Style, Teacher Personality Dependent Style, Subject Dependent Style, Pedagogy Based Style and Classroom Environment Inspired Style. Moreover, the learning styles of the average performing respondents were the following: Auditory Learning Style, Teacher Personality Dependent Style, Subject Dependent Style, and Pedagogy Based Style. Furthermore, the identified learning styles of low performing students were the following: Auditory Learning Style, Teacher Personality Dependent Style and Subject Dependent Style. Students perceived teachers instructional strategies and personality to be factors that contributed to their learning. Faculty who are non-education graduates are perceived to use the lecture approach while majority of the faculty who are education graduates are engaging students to more activities. Thus, students learn better in Social Science subjects if they are actively involved in the classroom and they learn from teachers who are open and friendly even though their boundaries are clearly established. The results suggest that teachers should continuously discover the learning styles of the students so that they can adjust and modify their teaching styles to accommodate and address students learning styles. Hence, it can result to improved attitudes towards learning and increased number of students who will be performing better in Social Sciences subjects. Key Words: Instructional Strategies, Learning Styles, Social Science, Teaching Styles, Progressivist Inspired Style, Reward Motivated Style.
ABIGAIL M. CABAGUING 474-482 Download(247)
5
Dante’s “The Divine Comedy”, Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” and Muhammed’s Isra and Miraj A Comparative Study
This paper examines any possible influence of the Isra and Miraj of Prophet Muhammad on Dante‟s “The Divine Comedy”, and consequently, Dante‟s impact on Eliot‟s “Prufrock”. Perhaps when writing his poem, Dante was not happy with the popularity of Islam and its impact on the middle ages‟ European culture. But later on this literary influence, or supposedly a cultural one as well, has transmitted and transformed even famous poets to write great works, like Eliot and his “Prufrock” for instance, under Dante‟s influence. Dante has been influenced by the translations of the Arabic accounts of Mohammad‟s Ascension to heaven by Bonaventura da Siena, which was revealed in Miguel Asin Palacoi‟s book La Eschatologia Musulmana en La Divina Commedia that surprised Dante‟s scholars in 1919 when he stated that Dante borrowed the principal notion of his poem from the Islamic event of Miraj. The paper also intends to demonstrate that it is impossible to simply compare Dante‟s poem to Isra and Miraj due to the complexity and richness of the first and simplicity of the latter. Keywords: Islam, Muhammad, Isra (Night Journey) and Miraj (Ascension), Dante and “The Divine Comedy”, Eliot & “Prufrock”.
MARIWAN N. HASAN and SHAMAL ABU-BAKER HUSSEIN 483-486 Download(606)
6

Class and Dialect in Charles Dickens’ The Pickwick Papers, George Eliot’s Adam Bede, and Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights

In this research, I tried to explain what role dialects play in the character construction in Charles Dickens’ The Pickwick Papers, George Eliot’s Adam Bede, and Emily Bronte’s Wuthering Heights. The findings of this work suggest that these three authors of the Victorian literature used dialect to both individualize characters and to bind them to a certain groups, which can mostly be defined by social status. A list of references is shared at the end. Keywords: Class, Dialect, Adam Bede, Emily Bronte.
DLNYA ABDALLA MOHAMMED ALI 487-492 Download(730)
7

The Research on Parent’s Language Control Types and Infant's Empathic Ability

The purpose of this study was to discover the effect of parent’s language control types on children’s empathic ability and how children’s empathic ability changes according to matched or unmatched language control type of mother and father. The research participants were 74 children, 36 boys and 38 girls, aged between four and five years in a private kindergarten in Chilgok-gun, Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea and 74 fathers and mothers, respectively. According to the analyzed result, there was a significant difference between parent’s language control types statistically. First, fathers’ personality-oriented language control type influenced children’s total score of empathic ability like sadness and happiness. Second, the personality-oriented language control of mothers influenced their children’s empathic ability total score and anxiety. Third, according to parent’s matched or unmatched language control type, when fathers and mothers used personality-oriented language, this affected children’s empathic ability total score and happiness. This study identified that children’s empathic ability development was closely affected by the type of language control that the parents used. In particular, children whose parents used personality-oriented language control type had higher empathic ability for other people. Key Words: Parent, Language Control Type, Empathic Ability.
LEE GA GYOENG, KIM SUK JA and HONG HEE JU 493-501 Download(405)
8

Migration, Profession and Vocation – through the Prism of the Principles of Bioethics

Considering the phenomenon of massive emigration of doctors from lower income countries, the present paper tries to identify the driving forces in physicians` personality, the motivational and de-motivational components in healthcare activity. Our aim is to identify those motivational factors, which – encouraged – could reduce doctors` migration intentions. Methods. The current work analyzes the motivational basis of physicians` activity through the prism of the four principles of bioethics, shows the possible causes of emigration, identifying those motivational elements, which may retain doctors in their countries. Findings and conclusions. Exploring opportunities given by the importance of nonmonetary incentives, as recognition, intellectual challenge, responsibility, the passion in practicing the profession, self-actualization may be improvable domains, where countries could more insist to stop emigration` appetite of their doctors. Key Words: Motivation, Migration, Driving Forces.
ANDREA ILDIKO GASPARIK, ZOLTAN ABRAM, ENIKO ALBERT-LORINCZ, DANIELA EDITH CEANA, CRISTINA GOLEA and DORINA MARIA FARCAS 502-506 Download(407)
9
Parental Influence in Perspectives of Child’s Involvement in Sport with reference to the Academic Performance
(A Review of Qualitative Studies)

This paper reviews the current literature examining the value and worth of the parental involvement in the overall development as well as scholastic performance of a child. Play and life are indispensable, where there is life, there is play. Different studies have proved the role of play in the mental, physical, and socio-emotional development and its linkage with academic performance of the child. This study examines the different factors associated with participation in and outcomes of the child’s participation in playing. Parental attitude and its influence upon the child’s involvement in play, socio-emotional, physical, mental and academic activities and benefits of participation in play are evaluated from different angles. After going through the current literature, it has been found that parental involvement has got significant influence in the child’s academic achievement, involvement in play as well as in his/her socio-emotional development. Latest literature widely confirms the overall health benefits of participation in playing and its linkage with the academic performance of a child. Key Words: Parental Involvement, Sport, Academics performance, Development.

MOHIBULLAH KHAN MARWAT, ABDUL WAHID MUGHAL, SALMAN FAIZ SOLEHRIA, HAZRATULLAH KHATTAK, AHMAD FARAZ LIAQAT, RABIA UROOJ ANJUM and HASSAN ALI 507-513 Download(267)
10
The Impact, Management & Prevention of Sports Injuries (A Review of Qualitative Studies)

The occurrence of injuries in recreational as well as competitive sport activities has been the common global experience irrespective of the event of sport or venue of the activity. Despite the present advancement in the field of sport medicine and exercise physiology, and introduction of the safety equipment, the volume of occurrence of sports and physical activities related injuries has been on rise. This review study has examined the available literature encircling different types of children as well as adult sport events with reference to the occurrence of sport injuries. Literature reveals that most cases of injuries occur in the activities involving direct body contact and visible physical exertion. State of the problem regarding the most commonly occurred sport injuries has been examined in light of the existing literature. In this review study, the extent of the impact of sport injuries, vitality of the preventive measures and significance of the management process have been evaluated. This study also put forth some workable guidelines for the injured and non-injured players to cope and avoid the injury in the field of action. In the end conclusions have been drawn on the bases of the available literature. Key Words: Sport, Activities, Injuries, Impact, Prevention, Literature.

MOHIBULLAH KHAN MARWAT, ABDUL WAHID MUGHAL, SYED ZIA-UL-ISLAM, HAZRATULLAH KHATTAK, AHMAD FARAZ LIAQAT, RABIA UROOJ ANJUM, HASSAN ALI and NAVEED SHAKOOR 514-522 Download(335)

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