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Academy of IRMBR Volume  3, June, 2015
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1

How To Transfer Culture Intergeneration (Case Study In Chinese Indonesia (Tionghoa))

Culture is learned, not a genetic one, but formed from long life individual learned process. Continuity of culture not only depends on there is heirs generation or not, but on how culture constantly doing intergeneration. Pioneer generation have to share or transfer or teach culture to the next generation. How to the pioneer generation share or transfer or teach culture to the next is interesting to know, especially in Tionghoa’s people. For 33 years (1967-2000), Chinese Indonesians lived under the discriminative President’s Instruction no 14 year 1967 on “Chinese religion, beliefs and traditions” that prohibits Chinese Indonesians to celebrate Chinese religion and traditional customs in the public area, and only able to perform those in the family scope. This paper would like to address how Tionghoa’s people transfer culture intergeneration due to the abovementioned restriction. This research utilizes eleven Chinese Indonesians as interviewees. Key Words: Tionghoa, Transfer culture, Intergeneration.

KURNIAWATI, MEIKE 231-235 Download(304)
2

Value Added Tax and Consumption Expenditure Behaviour of Households in Nigeria: An Empirical Investigation

In one way or the other, value added tax has been perceived to influence consumption expenditure behaviour of households as well as consumer price index. This study employed ex-post facto research design to investigate the effects of value added tax on consumption expenditure pattern and consumer price index in Nigeria. The study considered value added tax revenue, house hold consumption expenditure on durable and non-durable goods as well as consumer price index for the period 1994 - 2014. Data used for analysis were extracted from National Abstract of Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics and the Statistical Bulletin of the Central Bank of Nigeria. The tools of analysis were multiple regression models on households’ durable and non-durable goods consumption expenditures and consumer price index with lagged valued variants. Results showed that value added tax and one-period lagged consumption expenditure on durable goods significantly affected households’ consumption expenditure on durable goods.  Further, positive significant effects were established for value added tax in relation to households’ consumption expenditures on non-durable goods; and VAT, its variants and previous spending levels did not discourage households’ consumption expenditures; and value added tax did not bear significant relevance on consumer price index. Consequently, the study recommended that the current 5% value added tax rate should be maintained, since any increase would most likely affect the households negatively and escalate consumer price index to undesired levels. Key Words: Value Added Tax, Households’ Consumption Expenditures, Durable And Non-Durable Goods, Consumer Price Index, Empirical Investigation.

OBIAKOR ROWLAND TOCHUKWU, KWARBAI JERRY and OKWU ANDY TITUS 236-248 Download(342)
3

Antecedent Factors of Whistleblowing

Despite a significant increase in the awareness on the importance of whistleblowing practices in work place, many remain silent and choose not to report the wrongdoings of their employers. Whistleblowing is one of the internal control mechanisms to deter organizational wrongdoings and it is therefore important to encourage those with broad knowledge to come forward to disclose this information. This conceptual article reviews prior literature that examined antecedent factors of whistleblowing intentions which revealed inconsistent results. Building from the theory and following the prior literature, the article proposes the antecedent factors of whistleblowing intentions namely organizational ethical culture and two moral philosophies namely deontological and teleological evaluations. Hence, it is expected that the proposed factors would create new possible avenues for future research. Key Words: Whistleblowing, Intentions, Organizational Ethical Culture, Deontology Evaluations, Teleology Evaluations. 

MAHERAN ZAKARIA, SITI NOOR AZMAWATY ABDUL RAZAK and WAN NURUL BASIRAH WAN MOHAMAD NOOR 249-255 Download(361)
4

The Relationship between Iranian EFL Teachers’ Critical Thinking Ability and Emotional Intelligence and Their Professional Success 

Thought and emotions are the inseparable characteristics of human beings that can influence personal life, job performance, and success. Regarding this fact, the present study aims to examine the relationship between EFL Teachers’ Critical Thinking Ability and Emotional Intelligence and their Professional Success. To this end, 50 EFL teachers from language institutes were selected to collect data using the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Assessment, the Mayer, Salovey, and Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, and the Successful Iranian EFL Teacher Questionnaire. The correlational analyses through SPSS revealed a significant relationship between EFL teachers’ critical thinking and their professional success, and between their emotional intelligence and professional success. The findings of the study may have implications for language education. Key Words: Critical Thinking, Emotional Intelligence, Professional Success, EFL Teachers, Correlational Study.

MOUSSA AHMADIAN, SEYYEDEH-MAHSA AMINI and LEILA BAHRAMI 256-267 Download(415)
5

University Social Responsibility towards Enhancing the Value of Voluntary Work among Students Social Field Study

The study aimed to identify the forms of university social responsibility towards enhancing the culture value of voluntary charitable work. It also aimed to identify the attitudes of students towards voluntary charitable work and their roles in participating in it. The study population consisted of Najran University female students. The sample size was (200) participants distributed to colleges of medicine, nursing, and computer science. All of them were selected randomly from the study population. The researcher used the sample survey method, in addition to an instrument developed to measure the university role in disseminating voluntary work value. The interview form consisted of four fields, namely forms of university social responsibility towards the dissemination of voluntary work (9) items, students’ attitudes towards voluntary work (10) items, areas of voluntary work (10) items, and obstacles of voluntary work inside university (4) items. The total number of the items was (33). The researcher referred to educational literature and previous studies to develop the study instrument that was subjected to statistical treatment by SPSS program. The researcher also confirmed the instrument’s validity, reliability, and fitness for the study aims. The study revealed the positive role of university to enhance the value of voluntary work was among study sample. The study also emphasized the role of university in the provision of positive and effective activities and programs that meet the students’ needs in the field of voluntary and charitable work. The study also uncovered the importance of activating voluntary work in accordance to criteria and bases well- known for students. Findings also showed that effective activation of university contributed to produce a voluntary charitable system, which in turn contributed to the development of students’ capabilities integrally towards charitable work. At the end, the study concluded some suggestions and perspectives for the advancement of university role to activate voluntary work. The adoption of a university course that cares about voluntary charitable work for all colleges and programs and contribute to the achievement of university aims regarding social participation and enhancement of voluntary work was the most important suggestion. Key Words: Voluntary Work, Social Participation, Voluntary Work Culture, University Social Responsibility, Extracurricular Activities.

SAHAR MANSOUR SAYED OMAR 268-286 Download(368)

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