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Academy of IRMBR Volume  3, January, 2015
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1
An Analysis on the Neoliberal Transformation Created by Flexible Work in Public Schools
This research was carried out to reveal effects of flexible work of teachers on the relationship among educational stakeholders and teacher performance. A semi-structured interview form including 5 questions was used to collect data from Teachers working in 6 different schools at different grades. It was found out that flexible work of teachers had clear negative effects on relationship among educational stakeholders and teacher performance. Key Word: Neoliberal policies, Flexible Work.
ARTUN KEREM CANAZ and GLAY ASLAN 1-15 Download(309)
2
Borrowing Capacity of Macedonian Municipalities–Comparative Analysis with the Practices of EU and South-East European Countries
Acquiring capital for municipal development is essential for its growth and financial stability. Municipalities (depending on the degree of fiscal decentralization) have limited range of possibilities for acquiring capital. These possibilities are divided into two major groups (depending on the source of financing) i.e. external sources and own sources. External sources for acquiring capital and financial assets for the municipalities can be summarized to national government capital grants and grants from other government and non-governmental institutions. Internal sources for acquiring capital are local taxes, service charges and fees, accumulated cash savings, annual operating surpluses and borrowing. Borrowing as a form of financing depends on the fiscal capacity of the municipalities. As a fiscal capacity, immediate depends from the municipal own revenues, and most of them have low level of economic activities, a high level of unemployment and high level of migration, they are faced with a problem of obtaining funds for doing their legal competences and duties. Projecting the future revenues of the municipalities and discounting them to present value can also be the key remark into the determination of municipal borrowing capacity. The main goal of this article is to show the borrowing capacity of the municipalities of the Republic of Macedonia and to make a comparative analysis with some South-East-European and developed EU countries in order to make a consistent platform for comparison and revealing directions for sustainable development, taking into consideration other positive practices in regional development. Key Word: Borrowing, Borrowing Capacity, Municipalities, Public Financing, Debt Ratio.
VLADIMIR PETKOVSKI and BILJANA ANGELOVA 16-25 Download(307)
3
School Principal Leadership Styles and Teachers’ Organizational Commitment for Non-Performing Secondary Schools in Perak, Malaysia
This study examined the structural relationship between principal leadership styles and teachers’ organizational commitments using Structural Equation Modeling technique (SmartPLS). The researchers used G-power program to calculate and reaffirm the study sample size (n) adequacy. Using mailed questionnaires, 255 lower secondary teachers from 29 bottom-ranking secondary schools in the state of Perak based on 3 consecutive years (2009, 2010, and 2011) of PMR examination results had voluntarily participated in this study. The study concluded that transformational leadership significantly predicted on continuance commitment (p<0.001) and normative commitment (p<0.01) but not on affective commitment. Transactional leadership was significantly related to affective commitment (p<0.05). The nurturant leadership had a positive significant relationship on affective commitment (p<0.001) and normative commitment (p<0.01). The variance explained by the three principal leadership styles on affective commitment was 42.3% and normative commitment was 12.9% respectively. Nurturant leadership was the most perceived and influential leadership style among teaching profession while the most perceived commitment was normative commitment in these schools. Key Words: Transformational (TF), Transactional (TS), Nurturant (NT), Affective (AC), Continuance (CC) and Normative (NC).
TEH THIAN LAI, WONG KEE LUEN, LEE THEAN CHYE and LOH WAI LING 26-35 Download(293)

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