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Academy of IRMBR Volume  2, July, 2014
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1
The Influence of Gender, Dress Pattern and Physical Attractiveness on Sexual Harassment among University Undergraduates
100 Undergraduate students of Yobe State University participated in the study. Dress pattern questionnaire (DPQ) was used to measure dressing pattern (Decent x Indecent), photographs were used to assess physical attractiveness and the Sexual Harassment Questionnaire (SHQ) was used as the dependent measure. The results were statistically significant for Gender F (1,100) = 5.885, P < 0.05 and Dress Pattern, F (1,100) = 719, P < 0.05. The implication of this finding is that those students who dress indecently and who are females whether attractive or unattractive are highly prone to Sexual Harassment. Key Word: Gender, Sexual Harassment, Physical Attractiveness, University.
ALI HARUNA 189-197 Download(296)
2
Women and Interreligious Dialogue in Uganda: Models of Living Together
Women in Uganda are always engaged in informal interreligious dialogue as they carry out their daily activities. What is common about them is that they share the same burdens of caring for their husbands and children. Uganda is a patriarchal society, so culture demands that women be submissive to men. For example, in the Baganda culture and indeed in many cultures in Uganda, women are not allowed to be heirs to their fathers or paternal uncles, nor do they become heads of clans. Women are obliged by culture to kneel before men, yet their role in traditional religion and medicine is highly respected. However, in modern society where some women have achieved education, especially those who have studied scriptures like the Bible and the Qur’ân have started challenging some of the demands of culture. This has brought about cooperation among women of different religions and in the process models of living together have emerged. For example, at Makerere University, a School of Gender and Women studies has been created to assist women and girls education which has lagged behind for a long time. Here women’s voice can be heard at the University level, in Government and in society as a whole. Women are free to discuss theological issues which concern them as well as other issues of most interest to them. For example some women like Musimbi Kanyoro says that studying theology from a woman’s perspective is a gift to religion and society because in so doing women have found that their reflections have been a treasure long hidden and has just been discovered. In other words women’s talents can greatly benefit the world. However, Christian and Muslim women have some controversies in the area of marriage. When the Domestic Relations Bill was being discussed in Parliament the Muslim Community argued that some phrases of this Law were against the teaching of the Qur’ân. They argued that polygamy is advantageous to the women because in Islam every woman must get married, there is no room for celibacy. The Muslim women objected monogamous married stated by the Law and the Christian women objected to polygamy and divorce. In Islam women are free to demand for divorce while in Christianity, especially in the Catholic and Anglican Churches divorce is out of the question, marriage is permanent. Key Word: Interreligious dialogue, Culture, Cooperation, Women’s voice, religion and Society.
THERESE TINKASIIMIRE 198-206 Download(292)
3
Analysis of Relationship among Social Capital, Organizational Justice and Performance with Structural Equation Model: The Case of Banking Sector
Drawing on the social exchange theory, this study aims to analyze the relationship among social capital, organizational justice and organizational performance within the banking sector by using structural equation modeling (SEM). A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect data on study constructs and demographics. The questionnaire was delivered to government, and private and interest-free banking employees in the southern region of Turkey. A total of 645 completed questionnaires were used for analysis. The results of analysis revealed that three dimensional social capital positively influences organizational performance. The study also found that organizational justice has a mediating effect between social capital and organizational performance. Lastly, the findings indicated that private, public and interest-free bank differs from each other in terms of social capital, organizational justice and organizational performance. Key Word: Structural Equation Model, Social Capital, Organizational Justice, Performance, Banking Sector.
ABDURRAHIM EMHAN, ERLAN BAKIEV, HIDAYET TAƞDVEN and SEDAT KULA 207-220 Download(284)
4

Stakeholders and Public Library Mission

Paper tends to find out core missions of public libraries and identifies their stakeholders. It explains relations they create by focusing in the same goal. Objectives preserve to present the complexity of services of public libraries and stakeholders’ commitment level in the evaluation process about missions as culture, education, information and literacy are in a comparative point of view. Qualitative-quantitative approaches are aligned together to explain stakeholders’ position and role toward public libraries missions. A synthesized questionnaire for comparison purpose (library activities, service measurement) was prepared for managers of libraries. Another questionnaire (about relations, interest) was distributed to every public library stakeholder taken in consideration. Different categories of stakeholders as: public library and school directors, librarians, city councillors, representative of library association, publishers, users (included volunteers) were interviewed. Results through evaluation process discovered a colourful assessment about the most important mission that a public library should have nowadays according to their interest. Five public libraries taken in consideration are an important data for the research, but they don’t entirely represent all cities libraries and all kind of possible partners. It limits the judgement about a detailed report of all Albanian public libraries. Key Word: Stakeholders, Public Library, Mission, Assessment.
MAG.BIBL. EDLIRA MACAJ 221-229 Download(321)
5
Psycho Social Factors Associated With Exclusive Breast Feeding (EBF) of Nursing Mothers in the Bolgatanga Municipality
This study employed a qualitative approach and used in-depth interviews to explore the experiences of nursing mothers in the Bolgatanga municipality regarding psychosocial factors influencing their practice of EBF. From the interviews, psychosocial factors influencing the practice of EBF include the health of the mother, public attitude, work and customs and beliefs of society .Very important findings also emerged indicating the poor efforts put in by health workers in the promotion of the practice. These findings include inadequate knowledge on EBF by participants, a high influence of customs and norms of society on EBF, absence of mother support groups in the municipality and inadequate knowledge on when to introduce complementary feeding. These psychosocial factors have contributed immensely to the low patronage of EBF in the municipality. Also breastfeeding mothers are faced with multiple challenges as they strive to practice exclusive breastfeeding. Recommendations included intensification of education on EBF in the media, hospitals and homes by the MOH/GHS and health personnel; making clear the position of MOH on the policy regarding whether or not HIV/AIDS mothers should breastfeed to all healthcare institutions and promotion of peer counseling on exclusive breastfeeding among mothers.
Key Word: Exclusive Breast Feeding, Psychosocial Factors, Nursing Mothers, Peer Counseling.
EDWARD ABASIMI, SAMUEL ATINDANBILA, MWINI-NYALEDZIGBOR, P.P, CLARA OHENEWA BENNEH and MABEL APAANYE AVANE 230-242 Download(302)
6
Issues in Manpower Production Pattern of Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria: The Way Forward
It is not a gainsaying that manpower are the pivot on which the development of a country rests. The development can even be enhanced by the number of high-level manpower it possesses, in view of their depth of knowledge. Even though tertiary institutions in Nigeria have produced a lot of manpower who have played and still playing key roles in different sectors of the economy, there are criticisms of their manpower production pattern and efforts. This paper is an examination of matters arising from the manpower production pattern of the tertiary institutions in Nigeria, such as the production of irrelevant manpower, production in disequilibrium with the economic needs, production of low quality manpower, as well as interference of tertiary institutions in the production of manpower. The paper also recommends a review of the curricula of tertiary institutions, adequate funding of tertiary education and institutions, provision of scholarships and bursaries to students, to correct the undesirable pattern in manpower production effort of the institutions. Key Word: Manpower Production, Tertiary Institutions, Matters Arising, Way Forward, Nigeria.
ALABI, FESTUS OLUWOLE and IGE AKINDELE, M 243-250 Download(256)

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