Academy of IRMBR
Volume 2, May, 2014
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Validation of Teacher Education of Malaysia Trainer's Sports Risks Management Practices Constructs
Sports risk management is essential as it prepares for a safe sports programme and allows sports organization to minimize legal liability and enhance their organizations reputation. Sports risk management’s intent is to prevent and minimize accidents and mishaps in sports. Developed countries such as Australia and the United Kingdom have practiced the standard model of risks management since 1999. This indicates that the sports risk management model is essential for any organization that offers or implements programmes for sports activities, and demonstrates the need for a standard model. However, there is no standard risk management practices model employed by the trainers, lecturers, or the administration of Teacher Education of Malaysia to ensure zero risk in sports, as well as increase public involvement in sports. As such, this study focuses on the dominant sports risks management construct, differences in demography to Sport Risk Management Practices (SRMP). Respondents to this study are 39 Institute Pendidikan Guru Malaysia (IPGM) lecturers and 120 IPGM athletes. The IPGM lecturers group is comprised of 32 males and 7 females. Respondents are lecturers who are teaching in the Teacher Education Institutes all over Malaysia. While the athletes group is comprised of 67 males and 53 females teacher trainees who are undergoing training from the centres throughout Malaysia. A Rasch descriptive and inferential method of analysis is used with Winsteps software. The findings of the SRMP construct include identification, implementation, operational choice and implementation. Through factor analysis, it is found that the results meet the criteria set by the Rasch Model and are unidimensional. Findings indicate that the dominant construct is the implementation constructs, and there are no differences in perception between lecturers and the athletes for the rest of the constructs. This study concludes that SRMP has been identified, and confirms that the constructs are bias free of the perception between the trainers and athletes for each SRMP construct.
|AHMAD ESA and FATIMAH MUSTAFFA|| 116-129
Consumption in the Marriage Rituals: A Qualitative Study on the Meaning of Consumption in Wedding
Over the last years, there has been an increasing body of research on consumption rituals. From among different rituals, wedding ceremony is considered as one of the most consumerist ones that has been scarcely addressed by researchers despite its importance and prevalence. The present study set to examine and interpret consumption in Iranian wedding ceremonies. The study aims to address the question: ‘how do the participants and organizers of wedding ceremonies perceive and interpret consumption and consumption behaviors?’ The research was conducted using the qualitative method due to the complexity and depth of the subject. In this regard, the subject of interest was examined in the light of interpretive paradigm. The data was collected through in-depth interviews with the brides and grooms. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using thematic analysis. Eventually, five themes and key concepts were obtained including ritualism, memory, distinction, display and taste. In other words, consumption and consumerist behaviors in wedding ceremony are closely tied to these concepts and experiences. Accordingly, such interpretations lead to consumption choices, practices and preferences.
Key Word: Consumption, Ritual, Wedding Ceremony, Bride and Groom, Qualitative Research.
|YASER RASTEGAR, ALI RABBANI and MOHAMMAD-TAGHI IMAN|| 130-135
Fisheries Resource Management through Local institutions in Empowering Community Based on Local Wisdom in Coastal Madura Strait
This research was conducted from May until September 2013. Research location is Madura strait coastal, especially 4 sub-district in Probolinggo District, namely Randu Putih, Randu Tatah, and Karang Anyar and Gili Ketapang. This study purpose was to analyze potential and utilization of fishery resources, local wisdom values that having close relationship with fishery resources management, programs and activities and efforts by government and local institutions in utilizing and managing fishery resources, perceptions and society aspirations of local wisdom values and adherence to tradition/customary law that applicable to fishery resources management, how far opportunity empowerment of local wisdom values can be maintained and utilized to formulate fisheries resource management policies and alternative livelihoods choice in accordance with local resource conditions and strengthening livelihood alternatives that will be developed in accordance with local institutional based on local wisdom. Research type is descriptive qualitative and quantitative. Techniques used in data collection are questionnaires, observations, interviews and documentation. Samples required in this study were 100 payang fishermen and some key informant from stakeholders. Data analysis used for qualitative descriptive method is In-depth analysis. Quantitative analysis uses Household Economic Model. The research results demonstrate that potential and utilization of fishery resources in Madura Strait are follows: sustainable fish resource potential is 49.506 million tones and fish resources have utilization reached 58.547 million tones. Therefore, there has been over fishing or in Madura Strait. Local wisdom values that have close relationship with fishery resources management in Madura Strait are: Petik Laut, Onjem, Nyabis, Andun, Telasan, Pengambek and Contract Systems Work. Public perception on local wisdom value still very strong and people aspiration local wisdom value and adherence to tradition/customary law applicable in fisheries resources management is still quite large. Still there are many opportunities to empower local wisdom values can be maintained and utilized to formulate fisheries management policy. Selection alternative livelihoods choice in accordance with regional resources conditions and strengthening livelihood alternatives that will be developed in accordance with local institutions is based on local wisdom by tapping labor in agro-industries such as fish processing, and marketing. From research result, policy recommendations suggested are fishing management policy in Madura Strait need to empower local wisdom values (onjhem and andun) for resource conservation efforts as well as food security.
Key Word: Local wisdom, onjhem, andun, sustainable fish resources, household economy, alternative livelihoods choice.
|MIMIT PRIMYASTANTO, PUDJI PURWANTI and YAHYA|| 136-147