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Academy of IRMBR Volume  2, December, 2014
Move your mouse curser on the title to view the abstract of the paper
S.No. Title Authors Pages Download
1
The Dilemma of Managing Foreign Workers in Malaysia: Opportunities and Challenges
Migration in South East Asia has been happening since a long time and it has indirectly given an impact to the increase of population in countries around the region. Besides population increase, migration of workers has also given an economical impact to the countries in the surrounding region by taking pleasure in certain benefits. The shift in the trend of economic activity from agriculture to industry, and the imbalance in the total population to job opportunities ratio as well as the expansion of education level of a country is often one of the major factors for migration to occur. In the South East Asian region, Malaysia is seen as one of the popular destinations for foreign workers to get a job, especially for those with little or no skills at all. Like other countries, Malaysia relies on foreign workers because of modernization aspect and also the lack of work force in the employment sector. Therefore, the government has introduced a few policies in hiring foreign workers in certain sectors in order to implement economic agendas which have been pre-planned. Even then, their on-going and unstoppable entry has caused the country and its people to worry, especially regarding the threat imposed towards the security of the country. Key Word: Foreign Worker, Labour Migrant, National Interest, National Security, Malaysia.
MOHD NAEIM AJIS, MOHAMAD FAISOL KELING, MOHAMAD FAISOL KELING and MD. SHUKRI SHUIB 519-531 Download(428)
2
Performance Appraisal: An Evaluation of Teachers’ Competencies Based on National Professional Standards in Pakistan
The main focus of the study was to develop the teacher evaluation mechanism for school teachers in Pakistan. The key objectives of the study were (a) to assess the secondary school teachers’ competencies based on national professional standards in Pakistan and (b) to categorize the secondary school teachers’ competency based on the five levels defined in the rubrics. The population of the study consisted of the secondary school teachers of government sector. To conduct the observational survey, a sample of 453 participants (teachers) from three clusters was selected to observe the performance of the teachers in the field. An observation sheet was developed to measure the teachers’ competencies at secondary level. Overall results by using formulas of percentage, chi-Square and simple mean identified that most of the teachers 33.2% were found at developing teacher level, 29.2% teachers were at proficient teachers, 26.0% teachers were at emerging teachers. However, 13.3% teachers were found as accomplished teachers while 6.4% secondary school teachers were found at not demonstrated teacher level. Based on findings of the study a number of recommendations have been presented to enhance the knowledge, understanding and skills of teachers. Key Word: Performance Appraisal, Teacher Competencies, National Professional Standards, Assessment.
MUHAMMAD SHAKIR and MUHAMMAD ASLAM ADEEB 532-539 Download(522)
3
An Empirical Analysis of the Impact of Microfinance on Poverty Alleviation: (A Case Study of District Sahiwal)

 

The aim of this study was to examine the impact of microfinance on poverty alleviation in Sahiwal, Punjab Pakistan and how different factors affect the poverty alleviation. This research explicated the factors which decrease the poverty. These factors are MHS, HASL, HEXE, HEXF, HVHC, HDW, PLS. Mostly primary data is used in the study that was collected through questionnaire. Data was collected through questionnaire. Sample size consists of 222 borrowing beneficiaries of microfinance. 121 borrowers have been selected from Kashaf Microfinance, 90 from the Khushali Bank and remaining 11 have been selecting from PRSP. The “Logit Model” have been used to analyze the data with SPSS. The “Logit Model” is one of them. In simple, in Logit Model analysis, the dependent variable is binary, dummy or dichotomous variable with (1) for household is poor and with (0) for household is non poor. The findings show that MHS, HASL and PLS are significant at 1 percent level, HEXE, HEXF and HVHC are significant at 5 percent level and HDW is significant at 10 percent level. It is concluded that microfinance gave its contribution to more income, better asset base, smoothen consumption, the ability of borrowers to gains from time, better food, healthy nutrition and improvement in education. Key Word: Microfinance, Poverty, Policy, Sahiwal Pakistan.
MAZHAR JAVED, NAEEM AKHTAR, ABDUL QUDDUS, ZOYA KHANAM, REHAB KHAN and AQSA IJAZ 540-548 Download(321)

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